Pyrgi


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pyrgi

 

(Pirgi; present-day Santa Severa), an ancient Etruscan city and harbor of the state of Caere, 40 km northwest of Rome. Pyrgi reached its zenith in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C. In 384 B.C. it was laid waste by Dionysius I of Syracuse. Still standing are the remains of cyclopean walls and the Temple of Eileithyia (fifth century B.C.). Excavations begun in 1957 by M. Pallottino uncovered various structures and a sacred road connecting the sanctuary in Pyrgi with the city of Caere. Three gold plaques with similar texts, all dedicated to the Phoenician goddess Astarte, were found. Two of the plaques were Etruscan and the other Phoenician; they were of great importance to the study of the Etruscan language and the history of Etruscan and Carthaginian ties.

REFERENCE

Nemirovskii, A. I, and A. I. Khareskin. Etruski. Voronezh, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Similarities in the hairstyle worn by the three heads and female head antefixes found at Pyrgi (the port city of Caere) suggest a dating of 350-300 BCE.