Pyrrho

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Pyrrho

(pĭr`ō), c.360–270 B.C., Greek philosopher, a native of Elis, regarded as the father of skepticismskepticism
[Gr.,=to reflect], philosophic position holding that the possibility of knowledge is limited either because of the limitations of the mind or because of the inaccessibility of its object. It is more loosely used to denote any questioning attitude.
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. After accompanying Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship

The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
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 to Asia, he enjoyed great respect at Elis and Athens. His doctrines were preserved by his disciple, Timon of Phlius, in satires. Pyrrho taught that nothing can be known, because the contradictory of every statement can be maintained with equal plausibility. Hence the philosophic attitude is one of suspended judgment and imperturbability.

Pyrrho

?365--?275 bc, Greek philosopher; founder of scepticism. He maintained that true wisdom and happiness lie in suspension of judgment, since certain knowledge is impossible to attain
References in periodicals archive ?
But the Pyrrhonist refrains from the pursuits of 12 the traditional dyadic cycle of epistemic commitment and the corresponding urges to accept by eradicating doubt or to deny acceptance by withholding judgment dogmatically.
Masquerading as a literary critic, the Pyrrhonist aesthete pokes fun at Conrad's innovative narrative strategies for distancing himself from his characters.
However, as noted earlier, the Pyrrhonist position is said to be a suspension of judgment stemming from the skeptic's inability to find a rational justification for at least a wide variety of beliefs; how wide a variety is to be determined later.
But the persistent Pyrrhonist overruled the life-worshipper along with the rationalizer: when Lawrentian outlook and Wellesian forecast collide, each makes the other appear absurdly incomplete.
That the happiness of the wise man lay with mental tranquillity (ataraxia) was the ground of Epicurean hedonism, as it was Pyrrhonist nihilism, and Academic virtue.
Even on questions of mercy, Montaigne the Pyrrhonist trumps Montaigne the magnanimous liberal.
Secondly we should be very surprised to find Wittgenstein suspending judgement, like a Pyrrhonist, following an investigation of evidence for the hippo's absence -- and as a consequence of finding the evidence inadequate or evenly matched by arguments to the contrary.
26) The epistemological doctrine of the Cyrenaics was probably developed by Aristippus the Younger, who may have been born around 380-370 BC If so, the doubts of the Cyrenaics concerning the knowledge of other minds may be placed towards the middle of the fourth century BC Theodosius' argument about other minds was probably formulated much later, after the revival of the Pyrrhonist movement by Aenesidemus in the first century B.
Montaigne makes Lucretius into a kind of Pyrrhonist, a sceptic who shares his
The Pyrrhonist makes no a priori objection to enquirers after truth per se.
Jonathan Barnes, 'The Beliefs of a Pyrrhonist,' Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 208 (no.
The author offers this blend of approaches in a lively effort to assess the philosophical and literary options during a period when Pyrrhonist and Academic variants of skepticism both received persuasive articulation, and the literary genre of tragedy was given consummate expression by Shakespeare.