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Pytheas(pĭth`ēəs), Greek mariner and geographer, fl. late 4th cent. B.C. A native of the Greek colony of Massilia (modern Marseilles), he explored the Atlantic coasts of Spain and France, circumnavigated Britain, and sailed to ThuleThule
, name given by the ancients to the most northerly land of Europe. It was an island discovered and described (c.310 B.C.) by the Greek navigator Pytheas and variously identified with Iceland, Norway, and the Shetland Islands.
..... Click the link for more information. (perhaps the Shetlands or Iceland) and to the Baltic. His account of his voyage, now lost, is referred to by StraboStrabo
, b. c.63 B.C., d. after A.D. 21, Greek geographer, historian, and philosopher, b. Amasya, Pontus. He studied in Asia Minor, Greece, Rome, and Alexandria and traveled in Europe, N Africa, and W Asia.
..... Click the link for more information. and Pliny the ElderPliny the Elder
(Caius Plinius Secundus) , c.A.D. 23–A.D. 79, Roman naturalist, b. Cisalpine Gaul. He was a friend and fellow military officer of Vespasian, becoming eventually an army and naval commander and imperial official, and he dedicated his great work to Titus.
..... Click the link for more information. .
See study by B. Cunliffe (2001).
a Greek navigator and scholar of the fourth century B.C. A native of the city of Massilia (Marseille).
Between 350 and 320 B.C., Pytheas voyaged along the western coast of Europe and was evidently the first to round the British Isles, which he called the Pretanic Isles. He was also the first to provide reliable information about the islands’ natural environment and the occupations of the inhabitants. There is evidence that Pytheas also reached the western shores of Scandinavia.