Pytheas


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Pytheas

(pĭth`ēəs), Greek mariner and geographer, fl. late 4th cent. B.C. A native of the Greek colony of Massilia (modern Marseilles), he explored the Atlantic coasts of Spain and France, circumnavigated Britain, and sailed to ThuleThule
, name given by the ancients to the most northerly land of Europe. It was an island discovered and described (c.310 B.C.) by the Greek navigator Pytheas and variously identified with Iceland, Norway, and the Shetland Islands.
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 (perhaps the Shetlands or Iceland) and to the Baltic. His account of his voyage, now lost, is referred to by StraboStrabo
, b. c.63 B.C., d. after A.D. 21, Greek geographer, historian, and philosopher, b. Amasya, Pontus. He studied in Asia Minor, Greece, Rome, and Alexandria and traveled in Europe, N Africa, and W Asia.
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 and Pliny the ElderPliny the Elder
(Caius Plinius Secundus) , c.A.D. 23–A.D. 79, Roman naturalist, b. Cisalpine Gaul. He was a friend and fellow soldier of Vespasian, and he dedicated his great work to Titus.
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.

Bibliography

See study by B. Cunliffe (2001).

Pytheas

 

a Greek navigator and scholar of the fourth century B.C. A native of the city of Massilia (Marseille).

Between 350 and 320 B.C., Pytheas voyaged along the western coast of Europe and was evidently the first to round the British Isles, which he called the Pretanic Isles. He was also the first to provide reliable information about the islands’ natural environment and the occupations of the inhabitants. There is evidence that Pytheas also reached the western shores of Scandinavia.

Pytheas

4th century bc, Greek navigator. He was the first Greek to visit and describe the coasts of Spain, France, and the British Isles and may have reached Iceland
References in periodicals archive ?
CUNLIFFE (2001 b): The Extraordinary Voyage of Pytheas the Greek.
This island was described by a Greek traveller and geographer Pytheas of Massalia (320-285 B.
n Harris Samaras is the Chairman & CEO of Pytheas, a Nicosia-based international investment management organisation.
ORKNEY was first written about by the Greek explorer Pytheas who circumnavigated the islands in 224BC and claimed to have seen the edge of the world.
Pytheas of Massilia, a Greek of the 4th century BC, was famous as what?
The Greek astonomer, geographer and explorer Pytheas was the first to write about the Arctic in his now-lost work On the Ocean, after departing the Greek city of Massalia (modem-day Marseille) in around 320 BC in search of Thule--an island or land far away in the north, surrounded by a cold 'congealed sea' that 'can neither be traversed on foot or by boat'.
175-189), dedicated to Pytheas from Aegina upon his victory in the pankration at Nemea, around 487-480 BC: (7)
Pytheas is proving an expensive horse to follow but he can reward those who keep the faith at Nottingham.
Mark Johnston will surely be disappointed if Pytheas does not open his account at the fifth time of asking in the European Breeders' Fund Maiden Stakes.
A Greek sailor named Pytheas explores the northern seas and describes a place he calls Thule.
Nuestro Diodoro no menciona a Thule, cuyo descubrimiento pretendia mas recientemente Pytheas, y objeto tambien de discusion para los geografos (18).
En "Himno al mar", escrito en 1919, su primer poema publicado, ya encontramos una alusion a "ultima Thule', la isla del norte descrita por el marinero Pytheas de Massalia en el siglo IV a de J.