# QAM

(redirected from QAM16)

## QAM

(communications)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## QAM

In Q, or basic telecommunication code, it means, “What is the latest met (weather)?”
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

(1)

## QAM

(2)
Quality Assurance Management.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

## QAM

(1) (Quality Assessment Measurement) A system used to measure and analyze voice transmission.

(2) (Quantum Abstract Machine) An interface from Rigetti Computing for running programs in a hybrid classical/quantum computer environment. See QVM and quantum computing.

(3) (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation) A modulation technique that employs both phase modulation (PM) and amplitude modulation (AM). Widely used to transmit digital signals such as digital cable TV and cable Internet service, QAM is also used as the modulation technique in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (see OFDM). The "quadrature" comes from the fact that the phase modulation states are 90 degrees apart from each other.

Analog QAM
Analog QAM uses two carriers 90 degrees out of phase with each other. Each carrier is modulated by an analog signal, and the resulting modulated waves are combined (see example below).

Digital QAM
In digital QAM, the number of modulation states determines how the digital signal is split up. For example, in 8QAM, each three bits of input alters the phase and amplitude of the carrier to derive eight unique modulation states (see example below).

In 16QAM, 32QAM, 64QAM, 128QAM, 256QAM, 512QAM and 1024QAM, from four to 10 bits generate from 16 to 1,024 modulation states respectively. See modulation and binary values.

Analog QAM Analog QAM modulates two carriers 90 degrees out of phase with each from two analog input streams. The modulated carriers are combined and transmitted.

Digital QAM (8QAM) In 8QAM, three input bits generate eight modulation states using four phase angles on 90 degree boundaries and two amplitudes (4 phases X 2 amplitudes = 8 states). Digital modulation greater than 8QAM is difficult to visualize.

Quadrature PSK (QPSK) QPSK is like 4QAM without amplitude modulation. QPSK uses four phase angles to represent each two bits of input; however, the amplitude remains constant.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The PL-2000T has three operation modes: QAM 8 and QAM16 for 200G metro, and DP-QPSK 100G for long haul.
constellation diagrams, EVM measurements, symbol tables, a gray code handler, I/Q inversion, and bit/symbol pattern recognition for formats of O-QPSK , QPSK, BPSK, 8PSK, [pi]/4DQPSK, DQPSK, and QAM16. At the same time, the BB60C will become compatible with the Signal Hound TG-series tracking generators."
The modulation schemes considered here are divided in three scenarios, that is, {PSK2, PSK4, PSK8, PSK16, PSK 32, and PSK64}, {FSK2, FSK4, FSK8, FSK16, FSK 32, and FSK64}, and {QAM2, QAM4, QAM8, QAM16, QAM32, and QAM64}.
In [12], the authors proposed an identifier for the identification of PSK2, PSK4, PSK8, OQPSK, MSK, QAM16, QAM32, FSK2 and FSK4 signal types.
The new Digital Modulation Analysis tools will include support for constellation diagrams, EVM measurements, symbol tables, a gray-code handler, I/Q inversion, and bit/symbol pattern recognition for formats of O-QPSK, QPSK, BPSK, 8PSK, n/4DQPSK, 8DPSK, DQPSK, and QAM16.
m 1 2 3 4 Modulation BPSK QAM16 QAM64 QAM256 Code rate 3/4 1/2 2/3 3/4 Net PHY bit 2.12 5.64 11.29 13.39 rate (Mbps) The number of users 14 13 8 7 supporting MCS TABLE 2: Slot size of used solution and the comparison of packet number between them.

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