Thule

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Thule

(tho͞o`lē), name given by the ancients to the most northerly land of Europe. It was an island discovered and described (c.310 B.C.) by the Greek navigator PytheasPytheas
, Greek mariner and geographer, fl. late 4th cent. B.C. A native of the Greek colony of Massilia (modern Marseilles), he explored the Atlantic coasts of Spain and France, circumnavigated Britain, and sailed to Thule (perhaps the Shetlands or Iceland) and to the Baltic.
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 and variously identified with Iceland, Norway, and the Shetland Islands. The phrase "Ultima Thule" is used figuratively to denote the most distant goal of human endeavor or a land remote beyond all reckoning.

Thule

(tho͞o`lē, to͞o`–) or

Qaanaaq

(känäk`), town (1995 pop. 627), N Greenland, on the north side of Inglefield Gulf. The name of Thule was originally attached to the main settlement for the Thule Eskimos, founded in 1910 by the arctic explorer Knud RasmussenRasmussen, Knud Johan Victor
, 1879–1933, Danish arctic explorer and ethnologist. Born in Greenland of Eskimo ancestry on his mother's side, he began (1902) 30 years of exploration and of study of the Eskimo.
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 as a trading post on the south side of Wolstenholme Fjord at the site of the present-day Thule Air Base. Built during World War II, the base was greatly expanded after 1951 during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. The Thule Eskimos were forced to move the settlement of Thule (as well as the name) c.62 mi (100 km) to Qaanaaq. The site of Thule Air Base is officially named Pituffik. Pituffik is also a base for Danish and U.S. scientific operations on the ice sheet and serves as the airport for Greenland NW of Cape York.

Thule

 

according to Hellenistic and Roman geographers dating back to Pytheas of Massilia (as mentioned in Strabo’s Geography, I, 4, 2), an island located six days’ voyage by boat north of Britain, near the arctic circle; the northernmost inhabited land. According to one theory, Thule was the northwest section of Norway, in the region of Trondheimsfjorden.

REFERENCES

El’nitskii, L. A. Znanüa drevnikh o severnykh stranakh. Moscow, 1961.
Magidovich, I. P., and V. I. Magidovich. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Evropy. Moscow, 1970.

Thule

 

a settlement on the northeastern shore of Baffin Bay, in Greenland. Population, more than 300 (1972; primarily Eskimo). Thule, founded in 1910 as a fur trading post, has seal-trapping and the hunting of arctic foxes. A large US Air Force base is located nearby.

Thule

1. a region believed by ancient geographers to be the northernmost land in the inhabited world: sometimes thought to have been Iceland, Norway, or one of the Shetland Islands
2. an Inuit settlement in NW Greenland: a Danish trading post, founded in 1910, and US air force base
References in periodicals archive ?
The city of Qaanaaq is well realized, and the connections between the central characters are unexpected but convincing.
Qaanaaq has the trappings of modernity - a hotel, retirement home, diesel power plant, museum, church, school - but it is extremely remote.
The Danish Courts also took note that the Inughuit had been relocated to Qaanaaq, where houses and supplies were provided to them.
Mercury concentrations in Qaanaaq mothers are the highest ever recorded, 12 times greater than the level that poses neurological risks to fetuses, according to U.S.
The inhabitants of Qaanaaq have reportedly taken the decision calmly.
The difference between the languages spoken in Qaanaaq and in West Greenland and the Thule Tribe's perception of itself as a distinct indigenous people cannot lead to any other conclusion.
The building of the runway in Qaanaaq was recently criticised in the Danish media.
"Despite longer summers, fish is hard to come by here as it's mainly exported," said Kent Klienschmidt, a native Greenlandic doctor working in Qaanaaq. "It is too expensive, leading to many families suffering from poverty and nutritional problems.
With windows shielded by flimsy blinds, it is impossible to escape the midnight sun here in Qaanaaq. When the sun finally disappears on October 24, it won't rise again until February 17.
A linguist and an anthropologist at heart, Leonard gives a very personal account of the meeting with a small group of Polar Inughuit in the town of Qaanaaq and two other settlements on the northernmost western coast of Greenland.