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see Qayrawan, AlQayrawan, Al
or Kairouan
, city (1994 pop. 102,600), NE Tunisia. It is a sacred city of Islam. Founded in 670 by Uqbah bin Nafi, an Arab leader, it was the seat of Arab governors in W Africa until 800.
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, Tunisia.



a city in eastern Tunisia; administrative center of Kairouan wilayat. Population, 46, 000 (1966). Railroad station and highway junction; it is an important historical and commercial and industrial center of the country. The city has domestic manufacture of carpets and leather goods, as well as enterprises of the food industry.

Kairouan was founded in a.d. 670; in the early eighth century it became the residence of the Umayyad vicegerents in Maghreb. In the eighth century it was twice the center of the rebellious Kharijites. From 800 to 909 it was the capital of the Aghlabite dynasty (this was the city’s zenith). After the capital was moved to Mahdia by the Fatimids, the political significance of Kairouan began to decrease. It long retained its role as Tunisia’s religious, theological, and scientific center. In the 11th century, invading Bedouin devastated the city; it was restored by the Hafsids in the 13th century. In 1881, in spite of stubborn resistance, Kairouan was occupied by French colonizers; since 1956 it has been a part of independent Tunisia. It is a pilgrimage site for Maghreb Muslims.

One of the largest monuments of Moresque architecture—the Great Mosque (Sidi Okba; the foundation was laid in 670, and it was rebuilt in 836; additions were made and restoration carried out in 863, the 13th century, the 14th century, the 17th century, and later), with a many-columned hall, a courtyard surrounded by arcades, and a minaret—is located in Kairouan, as is the Mosque of the Three Doors (866). The city has a museum of Islamic art.


Sebag, P. Le Grande mosque de Kairouan. Paris, 1963.


, Kairwan, Qairwan
a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Pop.: 124 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Muranyi, Ein altes Fragment medinen-sischer Jurisprudenz aus Qairawan.
Imran, llamado a Qairawan para sanar al rey de la melancolia.
It will be held at the Al Qairawan School, Hamad Town.
333/944-5) in der Handschriftensammlung von Qairawan," ZDMG 136 (1986): 514ff.
Coincidently with government troops' operations in Mosul, army warplanes have been backing PMF operations against ISIL holdouts near the Syrian borders, most notably at the Qairawan and Ba'aj regions.
He added that the two tremors occurred at a depth of five kilometers and were felt by citizens and residents in the areas of Jahra, Qairawan and Saad Al-Abdullah.
Miklos Muranyi gives an admirably detailed account of some early tafsir material in the mosque-library of Qairawan and links it with work being undertaken by other scholars.
Last week, the Iraqi volunteer forces, also known as Hashd al-Shaabi, resumed the second phase of operations, launched earlier this month, to liberate the remaining villages in the vicinity of Qairawan and Baaj, after the troops announced full liberation of Qairawan.
Ein altes Fragment medinensischer Jurisprudenz aus Qairawan.
The Defense Ministry's War Media Cell said the airstrikes targeted ISIL locations in Baaj and Qairawan, West of Mosul and near the Syrian borders.
Earlier, the volunteer troops announced full liberation of Qairawan.