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see Qayrawan, AlQayrawan, Al
or Kairouan
, city (1994 pop. 102,600), NE Tunisia. It is a sacred city of Islam. Founded in 670 by Uqbah bin Nafi, an Arab leader, it was the seat of Arab governors in W Africa until 800.
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, Tunisia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in eastern Tunisia; administrative center of Kairouan wilayat. Population, 46, 000 (1966). Railroad station and highway junction; it is an important historical and commercial and industrial center of the country. The city has domestic manufacture of carpets and leather goods, as well as enterprises of the food industry.

Kairouan was founded in a.d. 670; in the early eighth century it became the residence of the Umayyad vicegerents in Maghreb. In the eighth century it was twice the center of the rebellious Kharijites. From 800 to 909 it was the capital of the Aghlabite dynasty (this was the city’s zenith). After the capital was moved to Mahdia by the Fatimids, the political significance of Kairouan began to decrease. It long retained its role as Tunisia’s religious, theological, and scientific center. In the 11th century, invading Bedouin devastated the city; it was restored by the Hafsids in the 13th century. In 1881, in spite of stubborn resistance, Kairouan was occupied by French colonizers; since 1956 it has been a part of independent Tunisia. It is a pilgrimage site for Maghreb Muslims.

One of the largest monuments of Moresque architecture—the Great Mosque (Sidi Okba; the foundation was laid in 670, and it was rebuilt in 836; additions were made and restoration carried out in 863, the 13th century, the 14th century, the 17th century, and later), with a many-columned hall, a courtyard surrounded by arcades, and a minaret—is located in Kairouan, as is the Mosque of the Three Doors (866). The city has a museum of Islamic art.


Sebag, P. Le Grande mosque de Kairouan. Paris, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Kairwan, Qairwan
a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Pop.: 124 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ein altes Fragment medinensischer Jurisprudenz aus Qairawan: Aus dem Kitab al-Hagg des Abd al-Aziz b.
In other words, Tunis residents are more Westernized on this issue.(22) In the rural towns of Qairawan, Haffouz and Makthar, there is a lesser acceptance of this notion (30.7% vs.
The Green Flag award for best practices went to Saad Bin Abi Waqas Primary School for Boys, Yathrib Intermediate School for Girls and Qairawan Intermediate School for Girls.
Previously, the troops liberated the remaining villages in the vicinity of Qairawan, a main ISIL bastion which links between Tal Afar town and the Syrian borders, and Ba'aj, after the troops announced full liberation of Qairawan.
Acting on information provided by Microsoft Gulf, the Ministry authorized separate raids on establishments operating at the Al Qairawan Complex on Ibn Khaldooon Street.
333/944-5) in der Handschriftensammlung von Qairawan," ZDMG 136 (1986): 514ff.; and 'Abd al-Malik ibn Habib (238/853) Kitab al-ta rikh ed.
Coincidently with government troops' operations in Mosul, army warplanes have been backing PMF operations against ISIL holdouts near the Syrian borders, most notably at the Qairawan and Ba'aj regions.
Other schools in the fray were Um Kulthoom, Al Dair, Yathreb, West Riffa, Sanabis, Al Qairawan, Sitra, Isa Town, Haleema Al Sa'adiya, Al Daih, Zaynab, Al Hekma, Al Rawabi, Sacred Heart and Al Ahd.
Miklos Muranyi gives an admirably detailed account of some early tafsir material in the mosque-library of Qairawan and links it with work being undertaken by other scholars.
Last week, the Iraqi volunteer forces, also known as Hashd al-Shaabi, resumed the second phase of operations, launched earlier this month, to liberate the remaining villages in the vicinity of Qairawan and Baaj, after the troops announced full liberation of Qairawan.