This, and the bejewelled swords and daggers of the Mughals, Ottomans, Qajars
and many other dynasties, were items of conspicuous consumption (Fig.
The "Russian legacy" may also be less notorious than it could and should have been because of the relative weakness of the Qajar
central government; since the Qajars
were not perceived as rigid defenders of the Iranian borders, the legacies could become less confrontational.
550 BCE, the book focuses attention on the Safavids and the Qajars
, the tumult of the 19th century, as well as both world wars, the Cold War, the Islamic Revolution, and the Iran-Iraq War, before concluding with an examination of where Iran is heading in the 21st century.
In essence, the book is a history of American diplomatic reaction to British attempts to establish and consolidate imperial hegemony over Persia/Iran and of the dynastic transition from the Qajars
, who had ruled over Iran since the late 18th century, to the Pahlevis, who were only to rule (subtracting the democratic interregnum represented by Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadeq, himself overthrown by the CIA in 1953 in favor of the original Shah's son) until the Islamic Revolution of 1979.
A well-argued, lucidly narrated and meticulously researched work, this volume mainly focuses on the development of the Shi'i ceremonies under three successive authoritarian regimes: Qajars
, Pahlavis, and the Islamic Republic.
Conservative clerics allied with the Qajars
tried to discredit their constitutionalist opponents in the public eye by posting fake shabnamehs praising constitutionalism, bearing the forged signatures of prominent Babis and Baha'is, in an effort to associate the reformists with religious heterodoxy.
Before this period, Iran was experiencing one-hundred-years of political anarchy--between the fall of the Safavids and the rise of the Qajars
Though they never fully disengaged themselves from nostalgic loyalties to their earlier patrons, the Zands, within the Qajar
polity the Qaim-maqams represented a strong voice for state-building and centralization, ministerial authority, and diplomacy--positions which helped transform the military-nomadic spirit of the early Qajars
But Tehran was just a small town then, and had little importance until the Qajars
took power in 1794 and made that city their capital.
Representing the unpresentable; historical images of national reform from the Qajars
to the Islamic Republic of Iran.
RELIGION, CULTURE AND POLITICS IN IRAN FROM THE QAJARS
TO KHOMEINI By Joanna De Groot published by IB TAURIS ISBN 978 1 86064 571 6 price 39.
Her father was a major political figure under the Qajars
, serving at one point as minister of war.