Qashqai

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Qashqai

 

a confederation of Turkic-speaking tribes, the largest of which are the Dareshuri, Shishbuluki, Kashkuli, Amaleh, and Farsimadan, living in the Fars region of Iran. They number more than 350, 000 (1970, estimate) and are Muslims. About half the Qashqai are nomads, the rest having adopted a settled way of life. The chief occupation of the nomadic Qashqai is livestock breeding; some agriculture is also practiced, and carpet weaving is well developed. The settled Qashqai are primarily farmers. Feudal relations with vestiges of the patriarchal clan system and tribal organization survive among the Qashqai. Until the mid-20th century the Qashqai tribal confederation was headed by a hereditary ilkhani, and the tribes and tribal subdivisions were ruled by kalantars and katkhoda, who were subject to the ilkhani. The Qashqai are developing into a single nationality.

REFERENCE

Narody Perednei Azii. Moscow, 1957.
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Bands, ropes, braids and tassels among the Qashqa'i of Iran (including an annotated glossary), in F.
Huang documents the difficult livelihoods and lifestyles of these mobile Qashqa'i pastoralists and their society and culture, and she explains how this Turkic-speaking group relates to the wider Iranian society and the Islamic Republic.
Only much later would Murphy encounter a young singer and weaver named Zeynep, from the nomadic Qashqa'i tribe.