Qasr Al-Khayr Al-Gharbi

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Qasr Al-Khayr Al-Gharbi

 

an Arab castle east of Horns in Syria. The castle was built in 727, and its ruins are preserved. The castle is a typical example of the architectural structures built by the Umayyads in the desert: it is square in plan, with dwelling and housekeeping quarters symmetrically located around a court and with an outer wall having a majestic entrance and towers that are semicircular in plan. Within the castle were found frescoes, stucco reliefs, and fragments of sculpture (all now in the National Museum in Damascus). Late classical traditions are combined in the decorations with an inclination for or namentality and flatness. The decorative works are unique examples of the fine arts of the Arabic Middle Ages.

REFERENCE

Schlumberger, D. Les Fouilles de Qasr el-Heir el-Gharbi. [Paris, 1939.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.