Kairouan

(redirected from Qayrawan)
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Related to Qayrawan: Qairawan, Kairuan

Kairouan:

see Qayrawan, AlQayrawan, Al
or Kairouan
, city (1994 pop. 102,600), NE Tunisia. It is a sacred city of Islam. Founded in 670 by Uqbah bin Nafi, an Arab leader, it was the seat of Arab governors in W Africa until 800.
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, Tunisia.

Kairouan

 

a city in eastern Tunisia; administrative center of Kairouan wilayat. Population, 46, 000 (1966). Railroad station and highway junction; it is an important historical and commercial and industrial center of the country. The city has domestic manufacture of carpets and leather goods, as well as enterprises of the food industry.

Kairouan was founded in a.d. 670; in the early eighth century it became the residence of the Umayyad vicegerents in Maghreb. In the eighth century it was twice the center of the rebellious Kharijites. From 800 to 909 it was the capital of the Aghlabite dynasty (this was the city’s zenith). After the capital was moved to Mahdia by the Fatimids, the political significance of Kairouan began to decrease. It long retained its role as Tunisia’s religious, theological, and scientific center. In the 11th century, invading Bedouin devastated the city; it was restored by the Hafsids in the 13th century. In 1881, in spite of stubborn resistance, Kairouan was occupied by French colonizers; since 1956 it has been a part of independent Tunisia. It is a pilgrimage site for Maghreb Muslims.

One of the largest monuments of Moresque architecture—the Great Mosque (Sidi Okba; the foundation was laid in 670, and it was rebuilt in 836; additions were made and restoration carried out in 863, the 13th century, the 14th century, the 17th century, and later), with a many-columned hall, a courtyard surrounded by arcades, and a minaret—is located in Kairouan, as is the Mosque of the Three Doors (866). The city has a museum of Islamic art.

REFERENCE

Sebag, P. Le Grande mosque de Kairouan. Paris, 1963.

Kairouan

, Kairwan, Qairwan
a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Pop.: 124 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
En Qayrawan, la mezquita, junto al dar al-imara, fueron ubicados en el centro del campamento por obra de 'Uqba b.
Due to the obvious impossibility of enumerating all these great cities, a few examples will suffice here: Baghdad, Basrah, Kufa, Fustat, Qayrawan, Sankore, Timbuktu, Toubah, Qum, Shiraz, Samarra, Tabriz and Cordoba are some of the great Islamic cities which have given various communities opportunities to live in peace and harmony attempting to serve the rationale of their creation.
Qayrawan, al-Fustat, Basra, and Kufa; and palatine cities, those "established as seats of government," Baghdad, Samarra, Cairo, and Fez (51-52).
Various Arab dynasties ruled Libya from Damascus, Baghdad, Qayrawan (Tunisia) and Cairo, until the arrival of the Ottoman Turks in 1517.
Ibn al-Jazzar, who died in 980 in Qayrawan in today's Tunisia, was in many respects a member of the local medical tradition which included the Jewish physician Abu Ishaq al-Israili and others, but his work, and the Zad in particular, were destined to play an important role in the development of Western medicine.
Islamic centers of learning (Al-Azhar in Egypt; Qayrawan in North Africa; Najaf in Iraq) became the hub of intellectual exchange between scholars, jurists and artists from different regions in the empire.
Popular Mobilization Forces, locally known as Hashd al-Shaabi said through its media that troops took over Northern Khazna, Sultan, al-Kabar and Tal al-Sheikh villages, South of the Qayrawan region, Iraqi News reported.
2) Uqba ibn Nafi was a seventh century Arab general under the Umayyad Caliphate who founded the Tunisian city of Qayrawan.
Coin 2, for example, is identified as a type A gold dinar, struck at Qayrawan in the year 296 H.
Segun este autor, en 84H/703, se hicieron transportar a la aljama de Qayrawan (Tunez), desde una vieja iglesia (quiza de las ruinas de Sabra), dos columnas rojas con manchas amarillas de belleza incomparable; Ibidem, Description de l'Afrique Septentrionale, M.
Al Qayrawan School took the top prize in Category C, which covered the 13-15 years age group at intermediate schools.