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Related to Qayrawan: Qairawan, Kairuan


see Qayrawan, AlQayrawan, Al
or Kairouan
, city (1994 pop. 102,600), NE Tunisia. It is a sacred city of Islam. Founded in 670 by Uqbah bin Nafi, an Arab leader, it was the seat of Arab governors in W Africa until 800.
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, Tunisia.



a city in eastern Tunisia; administrative center of Kairouan wilayat. Population, 46, 000 (1966). Railroad station and highway junction; it is an important historical and commercial and industrial center of the country. The city has domestic manufacture of carpets and leather goods, as well as enterprises of the food industry.

Kairouan was founded in a.d. 670; in the early eighth century it became the residence of the Umayyad vicegerents in Maghreb. In the eighth century it was twice the center of the rebellious Kharijites. From 800 to 909 it was the capital of the Aghlabite dynasty (this was the city’s zenith). After the capital was moved to Mahdia by the Fatimids, the political significance of Kairouan began to decrease. It long retained its role as Tunisia’s religious, theological, and scientific center. In the 11th century, invading Bedouin devastated the city; it was restored by the Hafsids in the 13th century. In 1881, in spite of stubborn resistance, Kairouan was occupied by French colonizers; since 1956 it has been a part of independent Tunisia. It is a pilgrimage site for Maghreb Muslims.

One of the largest monuments of Moresque architecture—the Great Mosque (Sidi Okba; the foundation was laid in 670, and it was rebuilt in 836; additions were made and restoration carried out in 863, the 13th century, the 14th century, the 17th century, and later), with a many-columned hall, a courtyard surrounded by arcades, and a minaret—is located in Kairouan, as is the Mosque of the Three Doors (866). The city has a museum of Islamic art.


Sebag, P. Le Grande mosque de Kairouan. Paris, 1963.


, Kairwan, Qairwan
a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Pop.: 124 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Coin 2, for example, is identified as a type A gold dinar, struck at Qayrawan in the year 296 H.
Al Qayrawan School took the top prize in Category C, which covered the 13-15 years age group at intermediate schools.
Category C - winner: Al Qayrawan Intermediate Girls School; highly commended: Arabian Gulf Pearl School and Um Al Qoora Primary Intermediate Girls School.
Category C Winner Al Qayrawan Intermediate Girls School Highly Commended Arabian Gulf Pearl School Um Al Qoora Primary Intermediate Girls School
AN operetta, organised by the Northern Governorate, will be held tomorrow at the Al Qayrawan Elementary Girls School, Hamad Town, to mark National Day.
Muranyi combed through "several thousand" parchment sheets that survive in the mosque library of Qayrawan.
213/828), a Hanafi judge in Qayrawan who also seems to have studied with Ibn al-Qasim, played an important role in the formation of the Mudawwana or the Mukhtalita (pp.
AL-JAZZAR, a physician who was born and who practiced in Qayrawan in the tenth century, is the author of a number of medical works, the most famous of which is his Zad almusafir wa-qut al-hadir (Provisions for the Traveller and the Nourishment of the Settled).
Halm then traces al-Mahdi's fateful journey from Salamiyya to Sijilmasa and Qayrawan in Ifriqiya where his caliphate was eventually proclaimed.
In contrast to his interpretation of the Aghlabid tower at the congregational mosque in Qayrawan, datable thirty years earlier, he considers that Ahmad Ibn Tulun built his "to spite the Abbasids.