Shih Huang-ti

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shih Huang-ti

 

(also Ch’in Shih Huang-ti; personal name, Ying Cheng). Born 259 B.C.; died 210 B.C. Ruler of the Ch’in kingdom (246–221 B.C.); emperor of China (221–210 B.C.). Member of the Ch’in Dynasty.

The world view of Shih Huang-ti was strongly influenced by Legism (seeFA-CHIA). After conquering six Chinese kingdoms, he established the centralized Ch’in Empire in 221 B.C. Construction of the Great Wall of China began during his reign in 215 B.C.

Shih Huang-ti had total legislative, executive, and judicial power. In 213 B.C., in an attempt to eliminate the slightest possibility of criticism of his authority, he issued a decree ordering the burning of all literature dealing with the humanities that was being kept in private collections. In 212 B.C., he executed 460 Confucians, whom he had accused of stirring up opposition to his power. During his reign, exploitation of the masses intensified. The consequent popular uprisings led to the destruction of the Ch’in Empire after Shih Huang-ti’s death.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is better known as the home of the Terra-Cotta Warriors, huge reproductions of the members of the army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang who ruled from 220 to 210 BC.
Thousands of pottery warriors, chariots, horses and weapons were unearthed in the tomb of China's first emperor Qin Shi Huang. It is believed 700,000 workers were involved in building the burial complex, which covers around 20 square miles.
Last Thursday (the first day of Ramadan in many parts of our world), another Uyghur man was killed in the Chinese city of Xi'an, a popular tourist destination for being the starting point of the Silk Road and home to the famous Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. According to government report the man approached a ticket counter with a brick, as if to harm ticket buyers, and when he didn't stop, he was killed by a Chinese police man.
Soldiers, archers and generals march in row after row, made nearly 2,200 years ago to protect Emperor Qin Shi Huang in the afterlife.
The Shaanxi Province is also the treasure house of cultural relics such as the Terracotta Army, which was buried under the city by great emperor Qin Shi Huang. Other famous local heritage sites include the extraordinary Buddhist landmark, Dayan Pagoda, the Drum & Bell Towers as well as nature trails and peaks such as Cuihua and Huashan.
The ghost army was buried with China's first emperor Qin Shi Huang more than 2000 years ago to protect him in the afterlife.
8,000 Terracotta Warriors considered as the greatest marvels in human history, which depict the armies of Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, were found in his tomb in 1974, where they were placed to protect the emperor in the afterlife in 210-209 BCE.
Nick poses of Chinese We could have spent two days exploring the breathtaking site, which is home to more than 6,000 individual life-sized warriors, chariots and horses that were built on the orders of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.
| Nick poses with of Chinese | Nick poses with of Chinese We could have spent two days exploring the breathtaking site, which is home to more than 6,000 individual life-sized warriors, chariots and horses that were built on the orders of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.
The lanterns are inspired by the army of terracotta soldiers, discovered in 1974 when the tomb of the 3rd Century BC First Chinese Emperor Qin Shi Huang was unearthed in the Xi'an province of China.
More than 5,000,000 people visit every year to see over 1,500 life-size terracotta figures of warriors and horses uncovered in the mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang, who was born in 259 B.C.