Qom


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Qom

(kôm), city (1991 pop. 681,253), Tehran prov., W central Iran. Located in a semiarid region, it is an industrial and transportation center. Its manufactures include textiles, glass, pottery, and shoes. Large deposits of petroleum have been found in the area. Qom has been a center of the Shiite Muslims since early Islamic times and is the burial place of Fatima al-Masuma (d. 816), sister of Imam Riza. The city became a center of pilgrimage in the 17th cent., and an imposing shrine was erected over Fatima's tomb. Qom was pillaged by the Afghans in 1722, but in the 19th cent. its great shrine was lavishly restored and embellished. The city is also known as Qum and Kum.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Qom

 

a city in Iran, in the ostan (province) of Tehran. Population, 133,900 (1970). Qom is a railroad and highway junction. The tobacco and textile industries are well represented. It is an important center of cottage-industry production (carpet-making and others), and wool and hides are traded. Architectural works from the 13th to the 16th centuries are located in the city.

Iranian historical tradition attributes Qom’s founding to the Sassanian king Kavadh I (ruled 488–496 and 499–531). Qom became a significant populated point under the first Abbasids (second half of the eighth century). The tomb (mausoleum) of Fatima (the daughter of the Shiite imam Musa al-Kazim) is located in the city. Qom is considered the second holy city in Iran by the Shiite Muslims (after Meshed); it is a center of pilgrimages.

REFERENCE

Qumi, Hasan ibn Mohammad. Kitab-e tarikh-e Qom (The History of Qom), 2nd ed. Tehran, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Qom

, Qum, Kum
a city in NW central Iran: a place of pilgrimage for Shiite Muslims. Pop.: 1 045 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ali's move from Qom to Najaf comes as part of a pattern that began with the fall of Saddam.
After the last of parts were given general information about migration and informal settlements, and briefly was introduced Vali-e-Asr Qom quarter; In this section of the paper, according to the information obtained during field data to investigate be paid the mechanisms of immigration and the formation of informal settlements to Vali-e-Asr quarter.
If Iraq became dependent on Iran, what hope is there for a small country such as Bahrain to remain independent of the ayatollah in Qom?
"Iran only acknowledged the facility at Qom after its existence became known.
Samivand pointed out that the strategy behind starting the first phase of natural gas storage in tankers located near the city of Qom is to inject 7.3 million cubic meters of gas per day into the storage during the 7 warm seasons of the year and take out 9.8 million cubic meters per day from the storage during ending 5 months of the Iranian calendar year when the whether gets colder.
We planned this study to determine the epidemiologic features of infectious diseases in children (0 to 12 years) admitted to the Fatemieh Hospital in Qom, Central Iran.
Rafsanjani then was backed by most theologians in Qom, led by Grand Ayatullah Abul-Fathl Lankarani, a close ally to Sistani and other grand ayatollah in Najaf.
Sources in both the Iraqi holy city of Najaf and the Lebanese capital of Beirut have confirmed reports released Monday that due to a fall-out with the Iranian regime, Shiite cleric and militia leader Muqtada al-Sadr is mulling a move from Qom, in Iran, to somewhere in Lebanon.