quantum wire

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quantum wire

[′kwän·təm ′wīr]
(electronics)
A strip of conducting material about 10 nanometers or less in width and thickness that displays quantum-mechanical effects such as the Aharanov-Bohm effect and universal conductance fluctuations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bajaj, "Hydrogenic impurities in quantum wires in the presence of a magnetic field," Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.
It was, however, in the study of disordered quantum wires that evidence of the presence of condensed matter Majorana modes emerged most clearly.
8,c is illustrative in schematic form displayed corresponding experimental data for the TS considered in the case of quantum wires (n=9).
Their topics include self-organizing carbon structures: tight binding molecular dynamics calculations, effects of spin-orbit interaction on optical properties for quantum dots and quantum wires, up-converting nanoparticles as promising markers for biomedical applications, graphene and fullerene clusters: molecular polarization and ion-di/graphene associations, and some scientific and ethical issues around developing sustainability.
The systemswe consider include quantum dots, one dimensional quantum wires, two dimensional planarsystems, and surfaces of three dimensional systems.Our proposal starts with Majorana fermions in systems where spin-orbit coupling, Zeemanfields and proximity coupling to superconductivity are at play.
In recent decades, low-dimensional structures such as quantum wells (qws), quantum wires (qwws), quantum dots (qds), and other configurations have been studied with special interest [1].
However, recorded dimensions of quantum wires will create new opportunities, but in this regard, there are still challenges.
In general, quantum wires, wells, and dots are grown by advanced epitaxial techniques in nanocrystals produced by chemical methods or by ion implantation, or in nanodevices created from state-of-the-art lithographic techniques.
Effects of electron and impurity ion LO phonon couples on the impurity states in cylindrical quantum wires have been dealt with [7].
Results are often developed in parallel first for bulk material, and then for quasi-two-dimensional quantum wells and for quasi-one-dimensional quantum wires. Other topics that are covered include semiconductor quantum dots, the semiconductor Bloch equations, correlation and scattering effects, field quantization, nonequilibrium Green's function theory, and quantum optical effects in semiconductors.
The charge patterns drain the sheet of electrons below to form quantum wires and dots.
Two dimension quantum wells (confined in one dimension) (3) and one dimension quantum wires (4-6) (confinement in two dimensions) also exhibit quantum size effect, each with its own ramifications.