Giacomo Quarenghi

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Quarenghi, Giacomo

 

Born Sept. 20 or 21, 1744, in Valle Imagna, near Bergamo, Italy; died Feb. 18 (Mar. 2), 1817, in St. Petersburg. Architect; representative of Russian classicism of the late 18th century and the early 19th. Italian by birth.

In 1761, Quarenghi began studying painting in Rome under A. R. Mengs and S. Pozzi; later he turned to classical architecture and the work of Palladio. In 1780 he began working in Russia, where his first important project was the English Palace in Peterhof, now Petrodvorets (1781-94; entirely destroyed by the fascist Germans in 1942), a classically simple, imposing building with powerful Corinthian colonnades.

Quarenghi’s main works include the Academy of Sciences (1783-89), the Currency Bank (1783-90), the Hermitage Theater (1783-87), the Obukhovskaia Hospital (1782-87, rebuilt), the Ekaterininskii Institute (1804-07), the Cavalry Guards Manège (1804-07), and the Smol’nyi Institute (1806-08)—all in Leningrad. They are characterized by clarity of design, simplicity and precision of composition, and majestic modeled ibrms, achieved by placing imposing colonnades before smooth wall surfaces. Among the country palaces Quarenghi designed are the Alexander Palace (1792-96) at Tsarskoe Selo (now Pushkin), the center of whose main facade is emphasized by a ceremonial courtyard spatially linked with a park by an open majestic colonnade. He was a skillful builder who saw to it that his designs were carefully executed.

Quarenghi’s numerous drawings meticulously depict old Russian architectural monuments, buildings by contemporary architects, and genre scenes, notably the Teremnoi Palace in the Kremlin, Mikhailovskii Castle, and Kolomenskoe (all india ink and watercolor, the Hermitage, Leningrad); Skating on the Neva (india ink and watercolor, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow); and Panorama of the Kremlin (watercolor and india ink, A. V. Shchusev Architecture Museum, Moscow). Quarenghi published engraved albums of his designs for the Hermitage Theater and the Currency Bank (1787 and 1791) and the first volume of his collected designs (1810).

REFERENCES

Taleporovskii, V. N. Kvarengi. Leningrad-Moscow, 1954.
Grimm, G. G. Kvarengi. Leningrad, 1962.
Arkhitekturnye proekty i risunki D. Kvarengi iz muzeev i khranilishch SSSR. Leningrad, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(66.) "Per li quali comandamenti Cupido transformato in figura de Ascanio se n'ando alla Regina Dido la quale cenava", Libro intitulato Aquila volante [...] di Leonardo Bruni, Piero Quarenghi, Venezia 1506, liber secundus, XXIII; "Dhuom transformato in brutta fera attanto / stratio mi desse amor [...]", Amore di Hieronymo Bonivieni fiorentino [...], Niccolo e Vincenzo Zoppino, Venezia 1523, ottava 68 (ine.
The fair moves this year to its grand new venue of Gostiny Dvor, built by Catherine the Great's favourite architect Giacomo Quarenghi in 1789, and anticipates the Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art (22 September-1 October).
Phytochemical combinations with high flavonoid ingredient have also been reported to show antibacterial activity (Quarenghi et al, 2000; Rauha et al., 2000).
Phytochemical preparations with high flavonoid content have also been reported to exhibit antibacterial activity (Aladesanmi et al., 1986; Mahmoud et al., 1989; Torrenegra et al., 1989; Tarle and Dvorzak, 1990; Al-Saleh et al., 1997; Singh and Nath, 1999; Quarenghi et al., 2000; Rauha et al., 2000).
Two professors, Vittorio Emanuele Parsi and Alessandro Quarenghi, both from the Universita Cattolica di Milano, were invited to speak.
(26) Viktor Grashchenkov looks carefully for echoes of classical models and Andrea Palladio in Giacomo Quarenghi's Russian buildings.
Tereschuk ML, Quarenghi de Riera M, Castro GR, Abdala LR (1997) Antimicrobial activity of flavonoids from leaves of Tagetes minuta.
It was designed by Italian Giacomo Quarenghi and built in 1792 as a wedding gift from Catherine the Great to her grandson, who later became Tsar Alexander I.
In 1788 Johann Friedrich Reiffenstein, counsellor to Catherine II, influenced by the writings of the Jesuit Vincenzo Requeno,(13) had a team of Roman painters directed by Christoph Unterperger realize a complete copy of the Vatican frescoes in encaustic painting on panels, which were then assembled at Saint Petersburg by Giacomo Quarenghi.(14)
The recent conference in St Petersburg began and ended in Catherine's private Hermitage Theatre at the Winter Palace, designed for her by Quarenghi and combining classical splendour with informality and agreement.