Quatrefages de Bréau, Jean Louis Armand de

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Quatrefages de Bréau, Jean Louis Armand de


Born Feb. 10, 1810, in Berthezène; died Jan. 12, 1892, in Paris. French zoologist, embryologist, and anthropologist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1852).

Quatrefages was professor of zoology at the universities of Toulouse and Paris. From 1855 he was head of the chair of anthropology and ethnology at the Museum of Natural History in Paris. The author of monographs on diseases of the silkworm (1858) and the natural history of annalid worms (1865), he also published (together with the anthropologist E. T. Hamy) an album of human races. His extensive researches served as the basis for concepts of the evolution of the organic world, although he was an opponent of Darwin’s doctrine of evolution. Quatrefages placed man in a separate “kingdom” and denied man’s genetic kinship with the animal world.


Histoire naturelle des annelés marins et d’eau douce: Annelides etgéphyriens, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1865.
Crania ethnica: Les crânes des races humaines …, vols. 1-2 and an atlas. Paris, 1882. (With E. T. Hamy.)
L’Espèce humaine, 8th ed. Paris, 1886.
In Russian translation:
Metamorfozy cheloveka i zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1864.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.