Qadi

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Qadi

 

(Arabic, “judge”; in Persian and Turkish, qazi). In Muslim countries, a judge whose decisions are based on Islamic law (Sharia). In the Middle Ages the qadi was also a notary and cared for orphans or assigned them to guardians; he also saw to the execution of sentence in civil and criminal cases. In the 19thand early 20th century, with the development of the new civil courts, the qadi’s function was limited to the deciding of questions involving family and religious law, and occasionally inheritance. In several Muslim countries (for example, Egypt, Tunisia, and Turkey) the office of qadi was eliminated when Sharia courts were abolished (in Turkey, in the 1930’s; and in Egypt and Tunisia, in the 1950’s).

References in periodicals archive ?
Qudah said in an opening speech that Jordan and Russia maintain distinguished and historical relations, adding that trade volume between the two countries in 2009 reached $165 million.
Qudah highlighted the depth of Jordan- Qatar relations and the efforts of the two countries' leadership to enhance these relations.
Qudah spoke about various topics related to tax evasion adding that there is confusion among the citizens on the subject where three common types of tax fraud existed.
MP Muhammad Qudah assured that the bloc has a meeting with the Minister of Agriculture, SaE[macron]d Masri, and will discuss this issue with him.
At a meeting with the Lower HouseaACAOs Economic and Investment Committee in the presence of Finance Minister Umayyah Toukan and Director General of the Income Tax and Sales Department, Iyad Qudah, Ensour said the approval of the draft law is a requirement for economic reform and is a national decision that supports the economy.
For his part, MP Muhammad Qudah, said, "This Israeli approach is based on their religious book which talks about displacing the Palestinians to Jordan; Jordan, in this case, must support the resistance which is considered a security front for Jordan in Palestine; the Jordanian response was very weak while Israelis are seriously thinking of this solution.
The CEO of Jordan Enterprise Development Corporation (JEDCO), Yarub Qudah, gave a briefing on SME financing in Jordan, which, he said, accounts for 97 per cent of overall projects, explaining difficulties regarding access to finance, particularly the absence of guarantees for a loan.
At the sessionCOs beginning MP Muhammad Qudah, member of the Islamic Action Front (IAF) party bloc, suggested a rejection of the law but was asked to postpone his argument until after a full discussion of the law and since the first article had already been approved in the previous meeting; Qudah, however, did not mention that again.
Qudah said Jordan's participation will help enhance the presence of local industries in the markets of Algeria and Africa and increase the Kingdom's exports to the North Africa Arabs state.
JRF General Director, Ghaleb Qudah, said that the youth development strategy of the foundation for the upcoming 5 years will focus on strengthening communication and networking between more than 22,000 Jordanian youths across the Kingdom.
Furthermore, CEO of JE, Ya'rub Qudah, said, "Small- and medium- size enterprises are the most important engine of local and national economic development; we at JE are seeking support for the development of this category of companies whether they work in the field of industry, services or high value agro-industries.
The very fact that the new law allows setting up LLCs with a single shareholder points to the possibility of 100 per cent foreign ownership and to that extent this piece of legislation could be a precursor to new on-shore company ownership law," said Samer Qudah, Partner and head of corporate structuring department at Al Tamimi &Co.