Quebec Act, 1774

Quebec Act, 1774,

passed by the British Parliament to institute a permanent administration in Canada replacing the temporary government created at the time of the Proclamation of 1763. It gave the French Canadians complete religious freedom and restored the French form of civil law. The Thirteen Colonies considered this law one of the Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts,
name given by American patriots to five laws (including the Quebec Act) adopted by Parliament in 1774, which limited the political and geographical freedom of the colonists.
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, for it nullified many of the Western claims of the coast colonies by extending the boundaries of the province of Quebec to the Ohio River on the south and to the Mississippi River on the west. The concessions in favor of Roman Catholicism also roused much resentment among Protestants in the Thirteen Colonies. Although it thus helped to bring on the American Revolution, the act, for which Sir Guy CarletonCarleton, Guy, 1st Baron Dorchester,
1724–1808, governor of Quebec and British commander during the American Revolution.
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 was largely responsible, was very influential in keeping Canada loyal to the crown during the Revolution. It was replaced by the Constitutional Act of 1791.


See studies by R. Coupland (1925) and H. B. Neatby (1972).

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A legislative council was created pursuant to the Quebec Act, 1774, to see to "the Affairs of the Province of Quebec," (14) (the area encompassing southern Quebec and Ontario at that time).
A major breakthrough was created with the Quebec Act, 1774, explaining in part the kind of Canada we have today.
On this interpretation, one might well see in the Treaty of Paris of 1763, the Quebec Act, 1774, the Constitutional Act, 1791, the Act of Union, 1841, and the British North America Act, 1867 the occasions for abeyance.