He also drew attention to the problem of the development of nurseries and queen cells
and the issue of intermediaries in the sale of products.
No queen cells were observed in any of the 5 polygyne nests sampled, but 2 of these nests had live males.
As queen cells were not observed in any of the perennial nests, these particular tiers were probably destroyed by workers prior to the months of Jun and Jul, when the nests in this study were collected.
The next few days I watched three swarms depart from another hive as I hadn't removed surplus Queen cells.
During my first year looking after bees (I can't call myself a bee keeper) a similar thing happened, and I overzealously removed all the Queen cells, leaving my hive Queen-less.
A bee colony generally starts to raise drones a few weeks before building queen cells
so they can supersede a failing queen or prepare for swarming.
Royal jelly is harvested from queen cells
at 4 days of age.
The "extra" queen cells
can be "harvested" and used to stop or delay swarming in the colony they are produced in and distributed to splits (divided colonies) of other colonies to increase colony numbers.
First-timers can find themselves spending a lot of time keeping bees fed on sugar water, culling extra queen cells
and harvesting honey.
Then the surviving young queen goes through all the queen cells
, bites through their lids of wax, and kills the potential rivals within.
All nursery stock grows itself, in the climatic conditions of the Nizhny Novgorod region, from cuttings of its own queen cells
Beekeepers try to eliminate queen cells
by cutting them out, but sometimes one is missed.