Queen Charlotte Islands

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Queen Charlotte Islands,

archipelago of several large and many small islands, off the coast of W British Columbia, Canada. The main islands are Graham and Moresby. Masset on Graham Island is the main settlement. About 2,000 of the Islands' 5,700 inhabitants are Haida, a native people whose ancient village, Ninstints, on Skungwai Island, was named a World Heritage Site by the United Nations. There are valuable timber and fishing resources and several good harbors. The Islands attract many scientists and tourists because they escaped glaciation, making them a biologically unique area in Canada. The archipelago was visited in 1774 by Juan Pérez and in 1778 by Capt. James Cook; in 1787 it was surveyed by Capt. George Dixon. Hecate Strait separates it from the mainland; Dixon Entrance lies between it and Alaska to the north; and Queen Charlotte Sound separates it from Vancouver Island to the south.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Queen Charlotte Islands


an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, off the Canadian coast. It includes the islands of Graham, Moresby, Louise, Lyell, and Kunghit and covers an area of 10,282 sq km. The island group belongs to the outer chain of the Canadian Cordilleras, part of which is submerged. The western coasts of the islands are mountainous and fjorded, rising to an elevation of 1250 m. In the northeast there is a broad lowland into which the Masset Inlet deeply penetrates. The climate is mild and very humid. Coniferous forests cover the islands. There are deposits of coal.

Logging and fishing are the major industries. The population totals approximately 3,000 (1965), about 1,000 of it consisting of Indians on reservations. The largest community is the village of Queen Charlotte. The archipelago was discovered and put on the map in 1774 by the Spanish expedition of J. Perez; it was later named in honor of the British queen by G. Vancouver.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Ancient Murrelet: A natural history of the Queen Charlotte Islands. London, UK: T and AD Poyser.
The Queen Charlotte Islands, which are also known by their official indigenous name of Haida Gwaii, comprise about 150 islands located North of Canada's Vancouver Island.
In the even-year broodline, the largest regional genetic differentiation was observed between populations from the east coast of Vancouver Island and those from the Queen Charlotte Islands ([F.sub.ST]=0.007), whereas the least differentiation between regional groups of populations was observed between the northern and central coastal regions of British Columbia ([F.sub.ST]=0.001) (Table 6).
1929: M 7.0, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia
Dawson's commitment to constructing imaginative colonial geographies of settler space in BC is particularly apparent with respect to his work on the Queen Charlotte Islands. Having surveyed these islands extensively in 1878, Dawson produced a substantial official report that was imbued with an anticipatory vision of Euro-Canadian settlement and resource extraction (Dawson 1880).
The golden spruce of the title was a giant tree that grew on one of the Queen Charlotte Islands in British Columbia, Canada.
The most recent, Afternoon of the Chimeras, was filmed in the Queen Charlotte Islands. "A helicopter dropped us and left us for four weeks," Barton said.
The once colorful totem poles of the Queen Charlotte Islands, now bleached and cracked, stare out to sea with quiet dignity.
Our next film location was Haida Gwaii, also known as the Queen Charlotte Islands located about an hour and half off the coast of Vancouver.
The golden spruce was a 165-foot-tall mutant that survived 300 years and was revered by the Haida Indians of the Queen Charlotte Islands in British Columbia.
This particular case arose because the Haida were in the midst of a land claim concerning their rights in the Queen Charlotte Islands (which I think we should all at least consider now calling "Haida Gwaii").
In the Haida case the Haida Nation argued that the province and lumber giant Weyerhaeuser should have consulted its members before starting to log on their ancestral homeland, the Queen Charlotte Islands (known as Haida Gwaii).