Christina

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Christina

(krĭstē`nə), 1626–89, queen of Sweden (1632–54), daughter and successor of Gustavus II. From her father's death (1632) until 1644 she was under a regency headed by Chancellor Axel OxenstiernaOxenstierna, Count Axel Gustafsson
, 1583–1654, Swedish statesman. Named chancellor in 1612, he was the actual administrator of Sweden because Gustavus II was continually occupied with foreign campaigns.
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. Her early devotion to state affairs soon gave place to other interests, especially a zeal for learning. She attracted many foreign artists and scholars—including Descartes—to her court. Music and literature, especially the poetry of Jorge Stiernhielm (1598–1672), were encouraged. On her favorites she lavished titles, lands, and money, and by the end of her reign half of the crown lands had been given away. Her distaste for marriage caused her to designate her cousin Charles (later Charles X) as her successor. Weary of her duties and the growing antagonism of the nobles, and attracted to Catholicism, Christina abdicated in 1654. She left Sweden attired as a man, was received into the Catholic Church at Innsbruck in 1655, and settled at Rome. Her eccentricity and financial incompetence kept her affairs in continual disorder. On the death (1660) of Charles X, Christina returned to Sweden; she hoped to regain her throne but failed. She again went to Sweden in 1667 but was refused entrance into Stockholm because of her religion. She died in Rome and was buried at St. Peter's.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. L. Goldsmith (1933), A. Neumann (tr. 1935), S. Stolpc (1960, tr. 1966), C. H. J. Weibull (1960, tr. 1966), G. Masson (1968), and V. Buckley (2004).

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Christina

1626--89, queen of Sweden (1632--54), daughter of Gustavus Adolphus, noted particularly for her patronage of literature
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(8.) Amandus Johnson, "Queen Christina: The First Modern Woman of the Western World," in American Swedish Historical Foundation Yearbook (1966): 1-9.
Ellenius pursues the iconographic theme of the union of Minerva and Fortuna, which presumably was adopted from Antwerp (Rubens took it up in the Marie de Medici cycle), for Queen Christina, the "Swedish Minerva." She was seen to have navigated the Swedish ship of state wisely, leading by means of Minerva and Fortuna, an allegory of Sweden in the contemporary political scene.
Their topics include the two bodies of Queen Christina, Tasmania's abandoned places, time and the female smoker, and how far indigenous women's rights have advanced at the millennium.
To honour the 100th anniversary of the birth of the enigmatic Swedish screenstar, a season comprising Mata Hari, Anna Karenina and Queen Christina, as well as earlier lesser known silent films will be screened with live musical accompaniment.
When poor little psychotic rich girl Kimberly at last realizes the hollowness of her triumph, the camera holds on her longer than it did on Garbo at the end of "Queen Christina."
But one person not attending the Brit Awards last night was American pop queen Christina Aguilera.
What is the title of pop queen Christina Aguilera's new single?
She said: ``It's a special day for the kids and a good night for the adults.''REGAL: Party queen Christina Clinton hands out prizes at Jubilee Drive, KensingtonYOUNG PATRIOT: Six-weeks-old Natasha Ann Huyton flies the flag at a Garston street party.
Queen Christina, the daughter of Gary and Anita Zieske, was crowned at a Friday night pageant that was the first major event of this year's festival, which continues through Sunday.
Films involving same-sex kisses between women go back to 1934's Queen Christina. Set in Sweden in 1632, the young Christina, played by Greta Garbo, assumes the throne when her father, the King, is killed in battle.
POP queen Christina Aguilera has just had a dream come true - the singer who recently won a Best New Artist Grammy has been reunited with her father after 12 painful years apart.
Very Queen Christina. I love the filming, the editing, the music, the lighting, the costumes, and, of course, the acting in this scene, and I love the trailer, which includes this scene, a very Hollywood scene to me (old Hollywood).