Cleopatra VII

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Cleopatra VII

 

Born 69 B.C. in Alexandria; died there 30 B.C. Last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes; sister and wife of Ptolemy XIII, with whom she was, beginning in 51 B.C., coruler and with whom she engaged in a power struggle.

Cleopatra VII was exiled to Syria in 48 B.C.; however, in 47, after the Alexandrine War, she returned to Egypt through the help of Julius Caesar, who had been enthralled by the intelligent and educated queen and who fathered her son Caesarion. After 41 B.C. she was the ally and mistress of Mark Antony, who in 37 married her in spite of Roman custom; she supported him in his struggle with Octavian (Augustus). After the defeat at Actium in 31 and the invasion of Egypt by Octavian’s army, Antony and then Cleopatra committed suicide. Legend has it that she was brought a poisonous snake whose bite was held by the Egyptians to confer immortality. Cleopatra has figured prominently in literature ( Shakespeare, Shaw) and art (G. Tiepolo, P. Rubens).

REFERENCE

Franzero, C. M. The Life and Times of Cleopatra. London [1957].

I. S. KATSNEL’SON

References in classic literature ?
if Rosa had only conversed about the tulip, Cornelius would have preferred her to Queen Semiramis, to Queen Cleopatra, to Queen Elizabeth, to Queen Anne of Austria; that is to say, to the greatest or most beautiful queens whom the world has seen.
DermotWeld, whose Carribean Sunset finished third in the Irish 1,000 Guineas after winning this event in 2008, is represented by Limerick maiden winner Bethrah, while Aidan O'Brien, seeking a sixth win in a race in which his most recent success was with the subsequent Irish Guineas third Queen Cleopatra in 2006, is doubly represented by Full Of Hope and the maiden Queen Of Troy.
A cartouche, or inscribed hieroglyphics tablet, bearing the name of the fabled Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra was found, the first discovered in Luxor.
Identify the two Roman military men who Queen Cleopatra (69-30BC) utterly captivated.
Queen Cleopatra knew the benefits to be gained from a long, hot soak in a bath.
The field also includes Ardbrae Lady and Queen Cleopatra, who were second and third respectively in this year's Irish 1000 Guineas.
Ladbrokes: 7-2 Short Dance, 4 Queen Cleopatra, 5 Confidential Lady, 6 Nasheej, 8 Modeeroch, 10 Flashy Wings, Kamarinskaya, 12 bar.
Despite the injury absence of Rumplestiltskin, O'Brien has Be My Queen, Beauty Bright, Kamarinskaya and Queen Cleopatra in the field.
O'Brien and Heffernan completed a 15-1 double on horses owned by Sue Magnier when Queen Cleopatra took the Derrinstown Stud 1000 Guineas Trial.
Antony and Queen Cleopatra were defeated in a naval battle B.
Beginning February 22, the life and historical legacy of Egypt's legendary queen Cleopatra will be the focus of a three-week long extravaganza of information-rich multimedia and interactive sweepstakes created specifically for the web site.
Queen Cleopatra wooed the Roman general Marc Antony before they both committed suicide after their defeat by Augustus Caesar.