Queen Elizabeth Islands


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Related to Queen Elizabeth Islands: Baffin Island, Banks Island

Queen Elizabeth Islands,

northern part of the Arctic Archipelago, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, N Canada. Ellesmere Island (the largest), the Parry group (Melville, Bathurst, Devon, Prince Patrick, and Cornwallis islands), and the Sverdrup group (Axel Heiberg, Ellef Ringnes, Amund Ringnes, and many smaller islands) are found there. The islands are underlain by oil-bearing rock; extensive drilling has been under way since the early 1960s. The British explorer Sir William ParryParry, Sir William Edward
, 1790–1855, British arctic explorer and rear admiral. He entered the navy at 13 and made his first voyage to the Arctic under Sir John Ross in 1818 in search of the Northwest Passage.
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 explored (1819–20) many of the islands, and they were known (until 1954) as the Parry Islands.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Queen Elizabeth Islands

 

a group of islands in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, located north of M’Clure Strait, Viscount Melville Sound, Barrow Strait, and Lancaster Sound. The most important islands are Ellesmere, Axel Heiberg, Devon, Cornwallis, Bathurst, Melville, Borden, Prince Patrick, Mackenzie King, Ellef Ringnes, and Amund Ringnes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Developing synoptic analogs for extreme mass balance conditions on Queen Elizabeth Island ice caps.
Inter-island water crossings by Peary caribou, south-central Queen Elizabeth Islands. Arctic 48(1):8-12.
Status of Peary caribou and muskox populations within the Bathurst Island complex, south-central Queen Elizabeth Islands, Northwest Territories, July 1996.
Catastrophic die-off of Peary caribou on the western Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canadian High Arctic.
This highlights the major pitfall for ships navigating the Northwest Passage--invasion of the cruise channels of the Northwest Passage by multi-year ice from the Canadian Basin or the Queen Elizabeth Islands, or both (Falkingham et al., 2001; Melling, 2002; Howell and Yackel, 2004; Howell et al., 2006).
Choke points first present themselves at Barrow Strait, southern Peel Sound, and Franklin Strait, as these regions are susceptible to multi-year ice invasions from the Queen Elizabeth Islands (Howell and Yackel, 2004; Howell et al., 2006).
Unfortunately, this route is marred by difficult ice, particularly in the M'Clure Strait and in Viscount Melville Sound, as large quantities of multi-year ice enter this region from the Canadian Basin and through the Queen Elizabeth Islands. As Figure 5 illustrates, difficult ice became particularly evident, hence problematic, as sea-ice concentration within these regions increased from 1968 to 2005; as well, significant increases in multi-year ice are present off the western coast of Banks Island as well.
Distribution of observations of live Peary caribou obtained by aerial searches in 1993 and 1998, given by sex and age class, south-central Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canadian High Arctic.
Bioclimatic zonation in a High Arctic region: Central Queen Elizabeth Islands. In: Current Research, Part A, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 83-1A.
TABLE 1 Percentage distribution of range occupation by a female and a male Peary caribou in the south-central Queen Elizabeth Islands, Nunavut, Canada.
Interisland movements of Peary caribou (Ran gifer tarandus pearyi) on western Queen Elizabeth Islands, Arctic Canada.

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