Margaret of Valois

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Margaret of Valois

(välwä`), 1553–1615, queen of France and Navarre, daughter of King Henry II of France and of Catherine de' Medici. She was known as Queen Margot. Her wedding (1572) with Henry, Protestant king of Navarre (later Henry IV of France), which was intended to mark the peace between Roman Catholics and Protestants, instead was a prelude to the massacre of Protestants on Saint Bartholomew's DaySaint Bartholomew's Day, massacre of,
murder of French Protestants, or Huguenots, that began in Paris on Aug. 24, 1572. It was preceded, on Aug. 22, by an attempt, ordered by Catherine de' Medici, on the life of the Huguenot leader Admiral Coligny.
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. The marriage was one of mutual toleration. Margaret took part in the intrigues of her husband and her brother FrancisFrancis,
1554–84, French prince, duke of Alençon and Anjou; youngest son of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici. Although ill-shapen, pockmarked, and endowed with a curiously formed nose, he was considered (1572–73) as a possible husband for Queen
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, duke of Alençon and Anjou. In 1583 her brother King Henry III exiled her from Paris because of her promiscuous conduct. Estranged from both her husband and her brother, she took up arms against them and seized Agen. She was taken prisoner by royal troops (1586) and confined at the castle of Usson, but she soon became mistress of the castle. Although sympathetic with the Catholic LeagueLeague
or Holy League,
in French history, organization of Roman Catholics, aimed at the suppression of Protestantism and Protestant political influence in France.
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, she took little part in the succeeding troubles. She refused to agree to Henry IV's demand for the annulment of their marriage so he could marry his mistress, Gabrielle d'EstréesEstrées, Gabrielle d'
, 1573–99, famous beauty, mistress (1592–99) of Henry IV of France, who made her marquise of Monceaux and duchess of Beaufort. She divorced her husband, and Henry was preparing to divorce Margaret of Valois, with the object of marrying
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, although she finally consented (1599) to the annulment after Gabrielle's death. In her retirement at Usson (1587–1605), she maintained a small court, in which men of letters were prominent. Her own memoirs (tr. 1892), correspondence, and other writings show considerable literary ability. She spent her last years in Paris. Margaret plays a conspicuous role in literature and legend.

Bibliography

See biographies by H. N. Williams (1907), J. H. Mariéjol (1928, tr. 1929), and C. Haldane (1968).

Margaret of Valois

1553--1615, daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici; queen of Navarre (1572) by marriage to Henry of Navarre. The marriage was dissolved (1599) after his accession as Henry IV of France: noted for her M?moires
References in periodicals archive ?
I also think back on "Queen Margot" with fondness because it was one of the early releases from Harvey Weinstein's Miramax.
Take the Queen Margot Cream Liqueur: with two bottles for just pounds 10 (pounds 5 a bottle!), you can afford one for the fridge, another to wrap.
Back home is Leonidas' queen, Queen Margot, in the alluring figure of Carmen Electra.
Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train reunites Paris-based hazel-eyed heartthrob Vincent Perez (The Crow: City of Angels) with filmmaker Patrice Chereau, who revealed the actor's considerable talents--not to mention his unmmentionables--in Queen Margot. In Train, Perez, 35, bares himself even more.
Perez is no stranger to sword-and-breeches roles ("On Guard!", "Queen Margot") and handles the title role with almost no doubling and a measure of geniality.
Thomas Bruno Todeschini Luc Eric Caravaca Claire Nathalie Boutefeu Head Doctor Catherine Ferran Vincent Sylvain Jacques Mother Antoinette Moya Manuel Robinson Stevenin Father Fred Ulysse Two siblings get reacquainted as they grapple with the elder's grave disease in the subdued drama "His Brother." A determinedly cool film of facial landscapes and interior emotions from vet French director Patrice Chereau ("Queen Margot," "Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train"), pie is affecting on its own terms.
Chereau has known success and failure at Cannes, winning the Prix du Jury and the actress prize (Virna Lisi) for "La Reine Margot" (Queen Margot) in 1994, but coming away empty-handed with "L'homme blesse" (The Wounded Man) in 1983 and "Ceux qui m'aiment prendront le train" (Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train) in 1998.
He had also shown that he could produce the work of other directors, including Roman Polanski's "Tess" in 1979, Jean-Jacques Annaud's "The Bear" (1988) and "The Lover" (1991), and Patrice Chereau's "Queen Margot" (1994) as well as a batch of slapstick comedies like Alain Shabat's "Didier" in 1997.
His producing credits include Roman Polanski's "Tess," Patrice Chereau's "Queen Margot" and Jean-Jacques Annaud's "The Bear."
Stanislas Claude Rich Yvette Francoise Fabian Louba Sabine Azema Sonia Emmanuelle Beart Milla Charlotte Gainsbourg Gilbert Jean-Pierre Darroussin Joseph Christopher Thompson Annabelle Isabelle Carre Vet scripter Daniele Thompson ("Cousine cousine," "Queen Margot") makes the leap to helming with "Season's Beatings," an enjoyable, if lightweight, ensembler penned with her son.