Quemoy


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Related to Quemoy: Jinmen, Kinmen Island

Quemoy

(kĭmoi`), Chin. Chinmen, Kinmen, or Jinmen, Taiwanese island group (2010 pop. 56,703), Taiwan Strait, just off Fujian prov., China, and c.150 mi (240 km) W of Taiwan. The group consists of the islands of Kinmen and Lieyu (or Little Kinmen) and 12 islets in the mouth of Xiamen Bay; Kinmen co. also includes the small island group of Wuqiu (2010 pop. 518), c.70 mi (110 km) to the northeast. The town of Kinmen, on Kinmen island, is the chief population center. Farming is the main occupation; about half the land is under cultivation. Crops include sweet potatoes, peanuts, sorghum, barley, wheat, soybeans, vegetables, and rice. Fishing and especially tourism are also important; many sites on Kinmen and Lieyu are preserved in Kinmen National Park. Kinmen island has extensive fortifications, but the government began removing minefields and demilitarizing the island in 2006.

After the Communist victory on mainland China (1949), Quemoy and MatsuMatsu
or Ma-tsu
, Taiwanese island group, administered as Lienchiang co. (2010 pop 14,604), in the East China Sea, off Fujian prov., China, E of Fuzhou, and c.100 mi (160 km) from Taiwan.
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 remained Nationalist outposts. For many years the islands were subjected to periodic bombardment from the Communist mainland. An incident in 1958 led to the deployment of the U.S. 7th Fleet, but an escalation of hostilities was avoided. The islands are no longer an important point of contention, and Taiwan reduced the military forces stationed there after 1990. Civilian rule was restored in 1993, and restrictions on travel to Quemoy were ended in 1994. Direct travel to and trade with the mainland has been permitted since Jan., 2001, and Kinmen island is now popular with Chinese tourists visiting Taiwan.

Quemoy

an island in Formosa Strait, off the SE coast of China: administratively part of Taiwan. Pop. (with associated islets): 53 237 (1996 est.). Area: 130 sq. km (50 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
When the Chinese Communists (ChiComs) unleashed a massive bombardment of the offshore island of Quemoy in August 1958, Chinese fighters from both sides engaged in air battles; thirty-one MiG--17s and one F--86 were lost.
For the People's Liberation Army, an attack on Quemoy represents more an opportunity than a risk.
The drills will kick off on the southern coast of the garrison island of Quemoy (Kinmen), located a few kilometers off the coast of China's southeastern Fujian Province, on Thursday, military spokesman Maj.
Taiwan will hold its annual Han Kuang joint maneuvers of the army, navy and air force in late June near the garrison island Quemoy, located a few kilometers off the Chinese mainland.
The reports did not say how Taiwan should treat the garrison islands of Matsu and Quemoy, which are located just a few kilometers off the mainland coast, under such a scenario.
The author claims that Nixon's willingness to defend the Chinese nationalist islands of Quemoy and Matsu put Kennedy on the defensive.
A ministry official said the drills, comprising army, air force and navy personnel, will be held near the garrison island Quemoy (Kinmen), located a few kilometers off the coast of China's southeastern Fujian Province.
Chinese Red Cross officials met the five to be repatriated on the Taiwan-controlled offshore island of Quemoy. They escorted them to the mainland on board the Haixia, a Chinese Red Cross vessel flying the Red Cross flag and carrying dozens of security personnel and journalists.
The Patrol boat PP-10053 escorted the damaged vessel to Liao Lou Port, located on the Quemoy (or Kinmen) islands near mainland China.
Taiwan's Coast Guard reported a Taiwanese-flagged cargo ship was involved in a minor collision with a Chinese navy ship Wednesday night near the Taiwanese-controlled island of Kinmen, also known as Quemoy.
In the 1960s, China and the US almost went to war over two islands in the Taiwan Strait -- Quemoy and Matsu -- as the People's Republic of China and Taiwan both claimed them as part of their national territory.
Similarly China and USA also averted war in 1962 by holding talks at Warsaw to reach an accord on Quemoy and Matsu islands.