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Querétaro(kārā`tärō), officially Santiago de Querétaro, city (1990 pop. 385,503) and capital of Querétaro de ArteagaQuerétaro de Arteaga
, state (1990 pop. 1,061,236), 4,432 sq mi (11,479 sq km), central Mexico. The city of Querétaro is the capital. With mountains in the north and valleys and plains in the south, the state raises a variety of agricultural products, especially
..... Click the link for more information. state, central Mexico. It is a distribution center with industries producing machinery and farm implements; the city's cotton mills are among the most important in Mexico. Querétaro is also a popular tourist center. An Aztec city, Querétaro was conquered by the Spanish in 1531. The conspiracy (1810) under Hidalgo y CostillaHidalgo y Costilla, Miguel
, 1753–1811, Mexican priest and revolutionary, a national hero. A creole intellectual, he was influenced by the French Revolution. As parish priest of the village of Dolores, Hidalgo attempted to improve the lot of the natives.
..... Click the link for more information. and AllendeAllende, Ignacio
, 1779–1811, Mexican revolutionist. He was a captain in the army when he joined the movement against Spanish domination. He played a prominent part in the revolution and after the great defeat at Calderón Bridge (Jan.
..... Click the link for more information. that led to the revolution against Spain was planned there. The city was the temporary capital of Mexico when the United States invaded (1847) during the Mexican War. In 1867, Emperor MaximilianMaximilian,
1832–67, emperor of Mexico (1864–67). As the Austrian archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, he was denied a share in the imperial government by his reactionary brother, Emperor Francis Joseph.
..... Click the link for more information. and his generals Miguel Miramon and Tomás Mejia were forced to surrender and then taken out and shot on a hill outside the city. In 1917 the Mexican Constitution was written in Querétaro, which retains numerous colonial landmarks and is famous for its 18th-century aqueduct.
a state in central Mexico. Area, 11,800 sq km. Population, 486,000 (1970). Capital, the city of Querétaro. There is subsistence farming (corn, beans, fruit). Crop production for market is conducted in the Lerma River basin (to supply the capital). Sugarcane crops and sacaton (the rough-fibered type) are raised in the northern part of the state. Also important are the textile, food-processing, and mining industries.
a city in central Mexico, capital of Querétaro state. Population, 140,400 (1970). A transportation junction, the city has a cotton industry. Polymetallic ores are extracted nearby. There are 17th- and 18th-century baroque monasteries and castles in Querétaro, with luxurious and imaginative decorations.