Quetta


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Quetta

(kwĕ`tə), city (1998 pop. 560,307), capital of Baluchistan prov., W central Pakistan, at an altitude of c.5,500 ft (1,675 m), ringed by mountains. Deriving its name from the Pashto word kawkot [fort], it commands the entrance through the strategic Bolan Pass into Afghanistan and is a trade center for Afghanistan, Iran, and much of central Asia. The city's cottage industries produce textiles, foodstuffs, and carpets. Quetta has a military staff college (est. 1907) and a geophysical observatory.

The city was occupied (1876) by the British following the Second Afghan War, and it gained prominence as the seat of British resident Sir Robert Sandeman. It became a strongly garrisoned British military station. Much of the present city was rebuilt after a disastrous earthquake in 1935. Like many major Pakistani border cities, Quetta was a magnet for some of the millions of Afghan refugees who fled after the 1979 Soviet invasion; the refugees who remain have swelled the local population to an estimated 2 million people. As a result of war and ongoing fighting in Afghanistan, Quetta has become a center for arms and drug smuggling and a base for ousted Taliban leaders. In the 21st cent. Sunni extremist have increasingly attacked Shiites Hazaras living in Quetta.

Quetta

 

a historical-cultural region in Northern Baluchistan (in modern Pakistan), where archaeological remains of different epochs have been discovered. Aeneolithic and Bronze Age farming cultures have become well known. Numerous excavations have made it possible to trace the steady development of the local culture.

The most ancient settlements date from the late fifth millennium and from the fourth millennium B.C. and are noted for flint tools, modeled pottery, and pisé structures. The presence of bones of sheep, goats, and bulls attests to the domestication of animals. The third and second millennia B.C. saw the appearance of pottery made on the potter’s wheel, terra-cotta figurines, and copper objects. The population engaged primarily in farming and stock raising. Links with the cultures of Iran, Southern Baluchistan, India, and Middle Asia can be traced.

REFERENCES

Masson, V. M. Sredniaia Aziia i Drevnii Vostok. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Fairservis, W. A. Excavations in the Quetta Valley, West Pakistan. New York, 1956.

Quetta

 

a city in Pakistan, the administrative center of Baluchistan Province. Population, 130,000 (1969). Quetta has a railroad station and is an important trade and transportation center near the Bolan Pass. Food and chemical industries and repair shops are there. After a destructive earthquake in 1935, the city had to be almost completely rebuilt.

Quetta

a city in W central Pakistan, at an altitude of 1650 m (5500 ft.): a summer resort, military station, and trading centre. Pop.: 744 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
However, this time 41 Div planned to celebrate Winter Sports Festival on Quetta base to engage male and female students in various games to encourage them.
Since late 2008 more than 600 defendless Hazaras are being killed in numerous target killings in Quetta by Lashkar e Jhangvi, Sepah e Sahaba and other terrorist and extremist groups and more than a thousand people are left wounded but so far none of the terrorist groups are being captured or prosecuted, which shows that the Pakistani Government itself nourishes, partners and protects the terrorist groups on its territory.
When asked that whether the US was seriously planning to carry out strikes through unmanned aircrafts (drones) in Quetta, Fakan said he is not authorized to speak on the subject.
Officials at the only large hospital in Quetta expected the casualty rate to rise when victims from more remote regions of the province were brought into the city.
Nadra officials are demanding Rs60,000 bribe for verification of my NIC," Haji Niamatullah, an aged man outside the authority's office in Killi Gul Muhammad area of Quetta, told.
BHD launched the second phase of its anti-polio campaign in different union councils of Quetta on Monday.
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Meanwhile, power loadshedding will be carried out on August 26 at Quetta City Grid Station's Alam Khan and Shekh Manda feeders, and Grid Station's Nosar, Airport and Aghbarg feeders from 10 am to 2 pm; and City Grid Station's Jinnah Road feeder and Sariab Grid Station's Old Satellite Town feeder from 12 am to 3 pm.
In a statement issued here on Friday, he said: "We have deployed more security staff on railway tracks, railway bridges, tunnels and important railways installations for their security," adding that Railways Quetta division has directed its technical staff to immediately inspect all bridges and tunnels.
According to a statement issued by the QPC, here Monday, reportedly some blackmailers posing as journalists and members of the Quetta Press Club found involved in demanding favours and gratification from the provincial ministers and government officials.
QUETTA -- Balochistan Chief Minister inaugurated Pak-Iran goods train, here on Tuesday which would ply between Pakistani city of Quetta to Iranian city of Zahidan once a week.