Quetta

(redirected from Quetta, Pakistan)
Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms.

Quetta

(kwĕ`tə), city (1998 pop. 560,307), capital of Baluchistan prov., W central Pakistan, at an altitude of c.5,500 ft (1,675 m), ringed by mountains. Deriving its name from the Pashto word kawkot [fort], it commands the entrance through the strategic Bolan Pass into Afghanistan and is a trade center for Afghanistan, Iran, and much of central Asia. The city's cottage industries produce textiles, foodstuffs, and carpets. Quetta has a military staff college (est. 1907) and a geophysical observatory.

The city was occupied (1876) by the British following the Second Afghan War, and it gained prominence as the seat of British resident Sir Robert Sandeman. It became a strongly garrisoned British military station. Much of the present city was rebuilt after a disastrous earthquake in 1935. Like many major Pakistani border cities, Quetta was a magnet for some of the millions of Afghan refugees who fled after the 1979 Soviet invasion; the refugees who remain have swelled the local population to an estimated 2 million people. As a result of war and ongoing fighting in Afghanistan, Quetta has become a center for arms and drug smuggling and a base for ousted Taliban leaders. In the 21st cent. Sunni extremist have increasingly attacked Shiites Hazaras living in Quetta.

Quetta

 

a historical-cultural region in Northern Baluchistan (in modern Pakistan), where archaeological remains of different epochs have been discovered. Aeneolithic and Bronze Age farming cultures have become well known. Numerous excavations have made it possible to trace the steady development of the local culture.

The most ancient settlements date from the late fifth millennium and from the fourth millennium B.C. and are noted for flint tools, modeled pottery, and pisé structures. The presence of bones of sheep, goats, and bulls attests to the domestication of animals. The third and second millennia B.C. saw the appearance of pottery made on the potter’s wheel, terra-cotta figurines, and copper objects. The population engaged primarily in farming and stock raising. Links with the cultures of Iran, Southern Baluchistan, India, and Middle Asia can be traced.

REFERENCES

Masson, V. M. Sredniaia Aziia i Drevnii Vostok. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Fairservis, W. A. Excavations in the Quetta Valley, West Pakistan. New York, 1956.

Quetta

 

a city in Pakistan, the administrative center of Baluchistan Province. Population, 130,000 (1969). Quetta has a railroad station and is an important trade and transportation center near the Bolan Pass. Food and chemical industries and repair shops are there. After a destructive earthquake in 1935, the city had to be almost completely rebuilt.

Quetta

a city in W central Pakistan, at an altitude of 1650 m (5500 ft.): a summer resort, military station, and trading centre. Pop.: 744 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
QUETTA, Pakistan, Muharram 24, 1438, October 25, 2016, SPA -- A Pakistani police official says the death toll from a brazen overnight militant attack on a police training center in the southwestern city of Quetta has risen to 59 people, mostly police cadets and trainees, AP reported.
The Civil Armed Forces are : Frontier Corps (KPK), Peshawar, Frontier Corps (Balochistan), Quetta, Pakistan Rangers (Punjab), Lahore, Pakistan Rangers (Sindh), Frontier Constabulary, Peshawar, Pakistan Coast Guards, Karachi and Gilgit-Baltistan Scouts, Gilgit.
During their visit the six-member delegation visited various military education and Training institutions including National Defence University (NDU), Command & Staff College Quetta, School of Infantry & Tactics Quetta, Pakistan Military Academy (PMA) Kakul, National University of Modern Language (NUML), National University of Science and Technology (NUST) where they witnessed various training activities.
The unusual report that on 27 January 2010 a small eruption of basaltic lava occurred at Tor Zawar, Ziarat, 75 km NE of Quetta, Pakistan, was extremely surprising because no eruptions from this magmatically inactive area had ever been reported.
Peshawar, June 8 ( ANI ): A day after remote- controlled bomb blast killed at least 15 people outside a religious school in Quetta, Pakistan was rocked by another bomb blast, this time in Peshawar, killing 19- including seven women and a seven-year old girl- and injuring at least 40 people.
Afghanistan: Afghanistan s intelligence services said Monday that Taliban leader Mullah Omar had "disappeared from his hideout" in Quetta, Pakistan, up to five days ago but could not confirm his death.
QUETTA, Pakistan, April 16, 2010 (TAP) - A suicide bomber killed at least six people in an attack inside a hospital in Pakistan's south-western city of Quetta on Friday, police and hospital officials said.
A scary moment came in Quetta, Pakistan, when Taliban opened fire on nearby soldiers.
Riyadh, Muharram 24, 1438, October 25, 2016, SPA -- An official source of the Foreign Ministry expressed Saudi Arabia's condemnation and denunciation of the terrorist attack, which took place at a police academy in the city of Quetta, Pakistan, resulting in death and wounding of scores of cadets and people.
Turkey: The Turkish Foreign Ministry has condemned the bus attack in the western city of Quetta, Pakistan on Saturday.
Following the approval of his bail petition by a session court in Quetta, Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) Balochistan chapter President Dr Sultan Tareen spoke to media representatives at a general body meeting of the association.