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Quintana Roo(kēntä`nä rō`ō), state (1990 pop. 493,277), 19,630 sq mi (50,842 sq km), SE Mexico, on the Caribbean. ChetumalChetumal
, city (1990 pop. 94,158), capital of Quintana Roo State, E. Mexico. Chetumal is a major import center and free port as well as an export point for the hardwoods of the region, including cedar and mahogany.
..... Click the link for more information. is the capital. Occupying most of the eastern part of the YucatánYucatán
, peninsula, c.70,000 sq mi (181,300 sq km), mostly in SE Mexico, separating the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. It comprises the states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo, Mexico; the country of Belize; and part of Petén, Guatemala.
..... Click the link for more information. peninsula, the state was, until recently, wild, sparsely settled, and populated almost entirely by the Maya. In recent years large areas have been cleared for farming and pasture, and the coast has been developed for resorts. It has a hot climate and high rainfall. The economy is dominated by tourism. The resorts of CancúnCancún
, city (1990 pop. 167,730), Quintana Roo state, SE Mexico. An international resort, Cancún is known for its beaches, agreeable climate, and luxurious hotels and facilities.
..... Click the link for more information. , CozumelCozumel
, resort island, c.190 sq mi (490 sq km), Quintana Roo state, Mexico, in the Caribbean Sea off the E coast of the Yucatán peninsula. It is famed for its beaches and coral reef (declared a national park in 1996).
..... Click the link for more information. , and the "Mayan Riviera" are leading international vacation spots. Along the Caribbean coast is the famous Mayan archaeological zone of Tulúm as well as the lare Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve. The flat plain with its almost impenetrable ebony and cedar forests and the resistance of the Maya forced Francisco de MontejoMontejo, Francisco de
, c.1479–c.1548, Spanish conquistador. He served in Cuba under Diego Velásquez, later commanded a vessel in the expedition of Juan de Grijalva, and joined Hernán Cortés in the conquest of Mexico.
..... Click the link for more information. to abandon his attempt (1527–28) to conquer Yucatán from the east. Scandalous episodes involving the wholesale purchase of Mayas for what amounted to slave labor in the chicle plantations tarnished the history of the territory in the late 19th and early 20th cent.
a territory in Mexico, in the eastern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. Area, 42,000 sq km. Population, 91,000 (1970). Its administrative center is Ciudad Chetumal. The territory is covered by tropical forests. It is a region of slash-and-burn agriculture (corn and beans). Forest industries, especially the collection of chicle sap for chewing gum, are also important. Timber is cut in the basin of the Hondo River in Quintana Roo and floated downstream.