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Iran: see QomQom
, city (1991 pop. 681,253), Tehran prov., W central Iran. Located in a semiarid region, it is an industrial and transportation center. Its manufactures include textiles, glass, pottery, and shoes. Large deposits of petroleum have been found in the area.
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, Qum, Kum
a city in NW central Iran: a place of pilgrimage for Shiite Muslims. Pop.: 1 045 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
We bring over old and new carpets that are handmade by artisans in Iran especially from Qum and Isfahan.
This principle, in Arabic wilayat al-insan ala nafsih, is attributed by Bahr al-Ulum to his master in Qum, scholar Harandi.
It is believed that the secret nuclear plant outside Qum is intended for uranium enrichment-the process of turning raw uranium into reactor or bomb fuel.
Another important religious site located in Qum is the shrine of Imam Redha's sister, Sayida Fatima Al Ma'asooma.
In 1948, he moved to the city of Qum and participated in the Ayatollah Brujerdi's classes in order to advance his education in jurisprudence.
A year later, as president, he allocated $17 million for a blue-tiled mosque closely associated with mahdaviat in Jamkaran, south of the capital in the city of Qum.
Tens of thousands of pilgrims go each weak to the Jamkaran mosque near Qum, where they believe the Imam will appear on the eve of every Wednesday.
International Center for Islamic Studies, Qum, Iran," http://www.
And it might mean the annihilation as well of other Muslim religious sites, from Qum and Karbala to, yes, Mecca and Medina.
Due to the obvious impossibility of enumerating all these great cities, a few examples will suffice here: Baghdad, Basrah, Kufa, Fustat, Qayrawan, Sankore, Timbuktu, Toubah, Qum, Shiraz, Samarra, Tabriz and Cordoba are some of the great Islamic cities which have given various communities opportunities to live in peace and harmony attempting to serve the rationale of their creation.
It should be remembered that for centuries Shi'ite holy places like Karbala and Najaf have been spiritual homes and religious educational centres for the Iranians, just as the holy places like Qum and Mashhad in Iran have been for the Iraqi Shi'ites; even the Pahlavi regime supported the Shi'ites.
An Arab Shi'ite renaissance in Iraq would constrict the influence of Iranian religious zealots in the Shi'ite world, and a resurgent Najaf would diminish the role of Qum in Iran as seminary city and centre of religious expertise.