Qumran


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Related to Qumran: Masada, Essenes

Qumran

(ko͞omrän`), ancient village on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea, in what is now the Israeli-occupied West Bank. It is famous for its caves, in some of which the Dead Sea ScrollsDead Sea Scrolls,
ancient leather and papyrus scrolls first discovered in 1947 in caves on the NW shore of the Dead Sea. Most of the documents were written or copied between the 1st cent. B.C. and the first half of the 1st cent. A.D.
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 were found. Archaeological work at Qumran has yielded a profile of its history. In Israelite times it was the site of a small settlement and was probably called the city of Salt (Joshua 15.62). Between c.130 B.C. and c.110 B.C. Qumran was rebuilt. It was destroyed (31 B.C.) by an earthquake and was rebuilt c.4 B.C. The Romans destroyed it (A.D. 68) and made use of the site as a military fortress.

The first archaeologists to excavate the later Jewish ruins at Qumran identified them with the ascetic community that produced the Dead Sea Scroll known as the Manual of Discipline, but recent interpretations by other archaeologists have suggested the inhabitants of the ruins lived in relative luxury and that the scrolls may have come from Jerusalem. Most recently, some archaelogists have proposed that Qumran was a pottery manufacturing center before its destruction by the Romans. At present, scholars do not agree on whether any link can be established between the ruins at Qumran and the scrolls found in the nearby caves.

Bibliography

See C. T. Frisch, The Qumran Community (1956, repr. 1972); J. van der Ploeg, The Excavations at Qumran (1958).

References in periodicals archive ?
The desert Qumran sect, which referred to itself by the word for "together," Yahad, thought their calendar was more perfect and holy, with special occasions always falling on the same day.
These same Qumran Aramaic astronomical texts are further taken up in the contribution of James VanderKam, who sees the Aramaic fragments as legitimate representations of science, based on observation and reference to other astronomical works, especially in Akkadian.
The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered between 1947 and 1956 in a series of 11 caves by the archaeological site of Qumran in the Judean Desert, near the Dead Sea.
In the section entitled "The Origins and History of the Qumran Community," D.
Nosotros pretendemos estudiar especificamente la cuestion teologica relativa al martirio en relacion a diversos textos de Qumran 4Q213, fr.
The Qumran scrolls are fragments--usually very, very fragmentary--of over 900 scrolls, all or almost all of them literary texts.
The scholars, Orit Shamir, curator of organic materials at the Israel Antiquities Authority, and Naama Sukenik, a graduate student at Bar-Ilan University studied material discovered in caves at Qumran, in the West Bank and compared the white-linen textiles found in the caves to others found elsewhere in ancient Israel.
La desaparicion de los esenios de Qumran se fecha aproximadamente en 68 d.
This volume provides an interpretation of the functions of "mystery" language and secrecy in the Qumran scrolls.
Beyond the Qumran Community: The Sectarian Movement of the Dead Sea Scrolls" focuses on the Qumran community focusing on the periods and the origins of the texts that have fueled much of the research surrounding the scrolls.
Thursday, September 24 The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead See Scrolls
En 1947 varios pastores hallaron once cuevas en el wadi de Qumran (cerca del mar Muerto) que estaban repletas de textos escritos entre 250 a.