Quotation Marks

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quotation marks

Quotation marks are most commonly used to indicate the exact words that someone else said. This is known as direct speech or direct quotation.
There are two forms of quotation marks: double quotation marks ( “ ” ) and single quotation marks ( ‘ ’ ). American English almost exclusively uses double quotation marks, while British English tends to favor single quotation marks.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Quotation Marks


paired punctuation marks used in atext to set off direct speech, citations, and titles, as well as wordsand expressions used in an ironic sense or in an unusual meaning.Quotation marks are represented graphically in two forms:guillemets, or French quotation marks (« »), and double com-mas, or German quotation marks („ “). In addition to theseforms, single quotation marks (‘ ’) are sometimes used to denotethe translation of a foreign word—for example, German Tisch, ’table.’

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the rule, when a writer quotes an opinion that quotes another opinion, the writer should omit internal, nonmaterial quotation marks, alterations, or citations from the quoted passage.
First, a primer on quotation marks: Start a quote with double quotation marks, and for a quote within a quote use single quotation marks.
(19) Rule 5.1 describes how to format quotations; with its most important dictate (for purposes of this essay) being the simple rule that quotations must be enclosed within quotation marks and that quotation marks within the quoted material appear as single quotation marks.
However, chapters in a book, articles in a periodical, and episodes in a television series are enclosed in quotation marks. Look at the following examples, as well as Figure 30.3.
I think of him every time I consciously put a comma inside a quotation mark, as I just did.
He gives the ampersand, asterisk, dagger, hyphen, dash, and quotation marks their due, along with the aforesaid marks, but also provides a delightful essay on irony and sarcasm, including ironics and digital sarcasm.
However, whenever I want to talk about a word, that word is put within quotation marks. Doing this helps to clarify for you that I am talking about the word and not the thing the word represents.
To wit: (1) yes, commas and periods that come at the end of quoted material are properly placed within the quotation marks, even though it may at times seem illogical to put them there; (2) yes, commas are properly placed between coordinate adjectives; (3) yes, dashes are properly indicated by double hyphens in typewritten copy (how else, when before the coming of type balls and printwheels, typewriters had no dash keys?); and (4) no, spaces are not preferably inserted between dashes and the words they separate.
The plain implication of that second pair of quotation marks is that I said or wrote the thing quoted therein.
24, 1998) (internal quotation marks omitted), available at http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-news/ir-98-59.pdf.
The intriguing prose, without quotation marks and with an alternate spelling style, is easy to adapt to and contributes to the strong narrative voice.