Rákosi, Mátyás(mä`tyäs rä`kōshē), 1892–1971, Hungarian Communist politician. An associate of Bela KunKun, Béla
, 1886–1937, Hungarian Communist. A prisoner of war in Russia after 1915, he embraced Bolshevism. After the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in 1917 he was sent to Hungary as a propagandist.
..... Click the link for more information. and later a disciple of Joseph StalinStalin, Joseph Vissarionovich
, 1879–1953, Soviet Communist leader and head of the USSR from the death of V. I. Lenin (1924) until his own death, b. Gori, Georgia.
..... Click the link for more information. , Rákosi was one of the chief engineers of post–World War II Communist Hungary. He became premier in 1952, but was removed in 1953 as a Stalinist. His successor, Imre NagyNagy, Imre
, 1896–1958, Hungarian Communist leader. Nagy was a symbol of the 1956 Hungarian revolt against the Soviet Union. As an agricultural expert he held several government posts in postwar Hungary before serving (1953–55) as premier.
..... Click the link for more information. , was ousted in 1955 for Titoism, and Rákosi regained the premiership. In Aug., 1956, shortly before the anti-Soviet rebellion, Rákosi was again forced by anti-Stalinists to resign, and he fled to the Soviet Union. He was expelled from the Communist party in 1962 and was erroneously reported to have died in the Soviet Union in 1963.
Born Mar. 9, 1892; died Feb. 5, 1971. Hungarian political figure.
During the period of the Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919), Rákosi was deputy people’s commissar of trade and people’s commissar of social production. He was a member of the Communist International from 1921 to 1924 and helped reestablish organizations of the Communist Party of Hungary. In September 1925 he was arrested and sentenced to a long prison term. He was released in October 1940.
After Hungary’s liberation from fascism (1945), Rákosi held several high posts in the Communist Party and the Hungarian government. While serving in these posts, he committed errors in socialist construction, unjustifiably increasing plan assignments and violating Leninist norms of party life and socialist legality. In July 1956, the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers’ Party removed Rákosi from his post as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers’ Party and from the Central Committee’s Politburo. In August 1962 the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party expelled Rákosi from the party.