RIAA


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RIAA

(Recording Industry Association of America, Washington, DC, www.riaa.com) A membership association of music recording companies. Its goal is to promote the record label industry and protect the rights of copyright owners. It was a major contributor to the SDMI digital distribution system. Spanning more than a half century, RIAA's Gold, Platinum, Multi-Platinum and Diamond awards for successful albums are coveted marks of achievements by musical artists. Exports outside the U.S. are not included in this certification process. The IFPI (International Federation of the Phonographic Industry) is the European affiliate to RIAA (www.ifpi.org).

Not Happy About File Sharing
Although an institution in the music industry, the RIAA was not a household word until the late 1990s when it plunged into the music swapping copyright fray along with the record companies. It was involved with lawsuits directly against the music swapping services such as Napster, and in 2003, it began to file hundreds of lawsuits against users who made their copyrighted music available to others.

A Sign of the Times
In late 2004, the RIAA announced that it would extend its Gold and Platinum awards designation to legitimate digital downloads from the Internet. This Digital Sales program bestows Gold certification at 100,000 downloads, Platinum at 200,000, and Multi-Platinum status beginning at 400,000. The initial honors went to 45 titles from a variety of musical genres and recognized every major recording company. In 2006, the organization went one step further and authorized the launch of a Master Ringtone Sales Award, acknowledging original recordings of artists' hits as played on cellphones. See SDMI and phono preamp.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the RIAA, one digital download or 150 on-demand audio and/or video streams is equivalent to one unit.
Diamond is the highest level of RIAA certification, above multi-platinum, platinum, and gold, which is 5,00,000 units.
In an attempt to slow the tide of piracy, the RIAA and other music labels engaged in a very public and vigorous campaign of prosecution of firms, such as Napster, for copyright violations during the early- to mid-2000s.
Overall, the data for 2015 shows a music industry that continues to adopt digital distribution platforms for the majority of its revenues, says RIAA SVP Strategic Data Analysis Joshua Friedlander.
The RIAA was widely criticized for its approach in going after individuals.
RIAA is an iterative algorithm developed for finding the least-squares periodogram with the utilization of a weighted function.
"We sent a takedown notice to Google in August for this particular app, which is clearly being used for illegal purposes, and Google responded that they were declining to remove it from the Android Market," the RIAA spokeswoman said.
Using a formula that multiplies the number of users involved by the number in infringements the total amount demanded by the RIAA could vary anywhere from $400 billion to $75 trillion.
The RIAA and movie producer suits generally targeted activity that was clearly infringing in nature, such as downloading and exchanging copyrighted music and movies.
It topped the Billboard EP charts, eventually selling an additional two million copies and earning another double-platinum RIAA certification.
recorded music sales have fallen in value to $7.7 billion in 2009 from $14.5 billion in 1999 according to the RIAA. The music industry blames online and physical piracy as the primary reasons for the decline.
The RIAA contends that LimeWire's software encourages illegal sharing of copyright-protected music.