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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also raba), in ancient Rus’, a female slave who was either a concubine for her master or a servant, wet nurse, or housekeeper in her master’s household. According to the Russkaia Pravda, a master’s children and the roba who bore them were freed after the master’s death.

A roba was also the wife of a kholop, or male slave; a kholop was a member of the lowest category of the dependent population during the period of feudalism. The marriage of a freeman to a roba conferred upon him the status of a slave, except in those cases when a special agreement had been made with the woman’s owner.


Zimin, A. A. Kholopy na Rusi (S drevneishikh vremen do XV v.). Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Higher values were recorded for Roba 1 than New BILFA 58 under both growth conditions (Table 1).
They have been carrying out all kinds of attack including grenade attacks," Roba said, commending officers for gunning them down.
In this part, we present a time and space efficient implementation of ROBA. As far as ROBA is concerned, if we deal with only biclusters with constant values on rows, it suffices for the other four types of biclusters mentioned earlier.
It was time to go back to the hotel for a rest because for the evening I had tickets to a show on the Roba river.
The Bundeskartellamt claimed on September 20 that Strabag's takeover of Roba, which is one of its few independent competitors in the production of asphalt mix, would lead to a restriction of competition in regional markets.
La maniobra causo tal rencor en Argentin que el gobernador de Buenos Aires, Carlos Ruckauf, dijo que Brasil era "un mal vecino que nos roba los muebles".
Ethiopians Fatuma Roba and Haile Gebrselassie also struck gold in long-distance running events.
One of his most popular books was a collection of essays, Roba di Roma (1862); he also wrote Fiammetta (1886), and a play, Nero (1875).
The Kenya County Government Workers Union, through secretary general Roba Duba, issued a seven-day strike notice if they are not paid by yesterday.
The Mandera County government has donated household items worth S5 million to the disabled, youth, women and vulnerable residents.The programme, according to Mandera Governor Ali Roba, aims at supporting and socially protecting the less fortunate people in society.