Rabaul


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Rabaul

(rä`boul), town (1990 pop. 17,044), on New BritainNew Britain,
volcanic island (1990 pop. 315,649), c.14,600 sq mi (37,810 sq km), SW Pacific, largest island of the Bismarck Archipelago and part of Papua New Guinea, in which it forms two provinces (East and West New Britain). Rabaul is the chief town and port.
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 island, Bismarck ArchipelagoBismarck Archipelago,
volcanic island group, 19,200 sq mi (49,730 sq km), SW Pacific, a part of Papua New Guinea. The group includes New Britain (the largest island), New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, the Mussau Islands, New Hanover, the Vitu Islands, and the Duke of York
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, a part of Papua New Guinea. Situated within an active caldera surrounded by volcanoes, the city has long been vulnerable to volcanic eruptions. It was nearly destroyed in 1937, but after being rebuilt Rabaul flourished as the principal city and port of the archipelago, with one of the finest harbors in the world. Copra was the chief export. In 1994 the city was again devastated by volcanic eruptions, which buried its eastern end in ash and mud and filled the harbor with debris. The rest of the city and the surrounding area was also severely damaged, and the capital of East New Britain prov., which was formerly in the city, was moved to Kokopo. Rabaul was the capital of the Australian Territory of New Guinea from 1920 to 1941. During World War II, it was the major Japanese naval and air base for the projected invasion of Australia. Totally destroyed by Allied bombing, it was rebuilt after the war.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rabaul

 

the chief city and port on the northeastern shore of New Britain in the Bismarck Archipelago (part of the state of Papua New Guinea). Population, 24,800 (1971). Rabaul is the principal commercial center of the archipelago. Coconut oil is produced, and copra, cocao beans, coffee, and lumber products are exported.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Rabaul

a port in Papua New Guinea, on NE New Britain Island, in the Bismarck Archipelago: capital of the Territory of New Guinea until 1941; almost surrounded by volcanoes. Pop.: 17 022 (1990)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The following day, Read observed 45 Japanese dive bombers flying southeast from Rabaul toward the United States fleet still engaged in supporting the Marine landings more than 400 miles away.
However, due to logistical challenges, the codebooks did not make it to Rabaul and Bougainville.
A Fifth Air Force study in May 1945 found that while data was not conclusive for missions under good visibility conditions where guns could optically track Allied bombers, when weather was poor the difference that jamming made was "statistically significant." (51) Additionally, a post-war study found the flak damage rate of B--24s over Formosa--where many gun laying radars were based and confronted with jammers--was about the same as that experienced in earlier visual missions over Rabaul and Truk.
The ruins of one of the oldest war vessels which disappeared off the coast of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea in 1914, was discovered off the Duke of York islands in Papua New Guinea.
There were no immediate reports in the Pacific Ocean nation of any damage or injuries from the temblor, which struck 25m south of Taron and 125 km (78 miles) east of the town of Rabaul, at a depth of 70 km (44 miles).
Omangos was brought to a medical facility in Rabaul, Papua New Guinea.
(55) Hore joined the military administration's Department of Justice as a Law Officer at Rabaul, New Britain.
THE 12-night Cairns to Rabaul cruise costs from A$10,250 (around PS5,500) person, based on two sharing and including all meals and excursions.
Shortly after we left , the port town where we lived, Rabaul, was hit by an earthquake and disappeared completely."
A tsunami estimated at under 1 meter (3 feet) was seen in the harbor of Rabaul, a town near the epicenter of the 7.5-magnitude quake, said Chris McKee, assistant director of the Geophysical Observatory in the capital, Port Moresby.
In Operation Cartwheel, which focused on eliminating the Japanese stronghold of Rabaul, MacArthur, in Perry's judgment, "coordinated the most successful air, land, and sea campaign in the history of warfare" (p.
Geological Survey (USGS) said the town of Rabaul in the north east of PNG was the epicenter of the quake.