Akiba ben Joseph

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Akiba ben Joseph

(əkē`bə), c.A.D. 50–c.A.D. 135, Jewish Palestinian religious leader, one of the founders of rabbinic Judaism. Although the facts of his life are obscured by legend, he is said to have been a poor and illiterate shepherd who began his rabbinic studies at the age of forty. Tradition views him as one of the first Jewish scholars to systematically compile Hebrew oral laws, the MishnaMishna
, in Judaism, codified collection of Oral Law—legal interpretations of portions of the biblical books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and other legal material. Together with the Gemara, or Amoraic commentary on the Mishna, it comprises the Talmud.
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. He is believed to have been executed by the Romans in the aftermath of the messianic revolt of Bar KokbaBar Kokba, Simon,
or Simon Bar Cochba
[Heb.,=son of the star], d. A.D. 135, Hebrew hero and leader of a major revolt against Rome under Hadrian (132–135). He may have claimed to be a Messiah; the Talmud relates that Akiba ben Joseph credited him with this title.
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 (A.D. 132–135), though the extent of his participation is a matter of controversy. He is one of the martyrs mentioned in the Jewish penitential prayer.


See study by L. Finkelstein (1936, repr. 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Rabbi Akiva, to whom the baraita in TB Rosh Ha-Shanah is ascribed, was adamant that "the wicked kingdom" (Rome) would finally be defeated and the Temple would be rebuilt.
You know, Rabbi Akiva, the blessed sage, was already forty-years old when he first started learning.
The later and more esoteric version dealt with the concepts of angels and God, and was attributed to Rabbi Akiva and Abraham.
Here there is no reason to assume a priori that the ascription to Papos and Rabbi Akiva does not represent memory of an earlier conflict between second-century Rabbis and "gnostics.
Whatever the all-merciful does, he does for the good," old Rabbi Akiva used to teach.
Like the thicket of texts through which he searched, the book is without index or organization; in another kind of society it would attract the same kind of eidetic-memoried fans as The Lord of the Rings, who could turn straight to the story of Rabbi Akiva and the woodcutter, or the tale that those who drink water on the afternoon of the Sabbath are stealing the water of the dead, or the news that "every kaddish freezes hell for an hour and a half.
The focus groups, which assessed what the membership sought in a spiritual leader, validated what many members said they already knew in their hearts - that they loved and respected Goor and wanted him to succeed Rabbi Akiva Annes.
What (I agree here with Neusner) would be very dangerous would be to depend either on the exact attribution in order to claim that the historical Rabbi Akiva, for example, said this and this or to make overmuch from the.
In the Mishnah, Rabbi Akiva says, "Human beings are beloved because they were created in the image of God.
They see in it the literary-philosophical stance of Rabbi Yishmael as against that of Rabbi Akiva (the contrast between the Yishmael and Akiva principles of interpretation is well spelled out in the introduction to the Exodus volume).
Moses sat down in the back rows, among the youngest students, and did not understand what Rabbi Akiva was teaching--but what Rabbi Akiva was teaching was halakhah le-Moshe mi-Sinai, "a law of Moses from Sinai.
As Rabbi Akiva teaches, "Beloved is humanity, created in the image [of God]" (Avot 3:14).