Akiba ben Joseph

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Akiba ben Joseph

(əkē`bə), c.A.D. 50–c.A.D. 135, Jewish Palestinian religious leader, one of the founders of rabbinic Judaism. Although the facts of his life are obscured by legend, he is said to have been a poor and illiterate shepherd who began his rabbinic studies at the age of forty. Tradition views him as one of the first Jewish scholars to systematically compile Hebrew oral laws, the MishnaMishna
, in Judaism, codified collection of Oral Law—legal interpretations of portions of the biblical books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and other legal material. Together with the Gemara, or Amoraic commentary on the Mishna, it comprises the Talmud.
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. He is believed to have been executed by the Romans in the aftermath of the messianic revolt of Bar KokbaBar Kokba, Simon,
or Simon Bar Cochba
[Heb.,=son of the star], d. A.D. 135, Hebrew hero and leader of a major revolt against Rome under Hadrian (132–135). He may have claimed to be a Messiah; the Talmud relates that Akiba ben Joseph credited him with this title.
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 (A.D. 132–135), though the extent of his participation is a matter of controversy. He is one of the martyrs mentioned in the Jewish penitential prayer.

Bibliography

See study by L. Finkelstein (1936, repr. 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Extant works of the school of Rabbi Akiva are Sifra on Leviticus, Sifre Deuteronomy, and Mekhilta de-Rabbi Simon on Exodus.
You know, Rabbi Akiva, the blessed sage, was already forty-years old when he first started learning.
Rabbi Akiva cried over the beauty of wife of the wicked Tyranus Rufus and ("he spat, then laughed, and then wept") Babylonian Talmud, Abodah Zara 20a).
The ten rabbis named are Rabbi Simeon Ben Gamliel, who was beheaded; Rabbi Yishmael Ben Elisha, who was flayed; Rabbi Akiva, whose flesh was torn off with iron combs; Rabbi Hananiah Ben Teradyon, who was wrapped in a Torah scroll and burned alive; Rabbi Judah Ben Baba, who was pierced by lances; and Rabbis Huzpit, Yeshebab, Eliezer ben Shammua, Hananiah ben Hakinai, and Yehudah Ben Damah, whose deaths (mercifully, for the reader) were not described (Singer and Broyde 2002:1).
Rabbi Akiva Padwa from the London Beth Din's kashrut division, ruled that most of the whiskey brands are kosher, but that some brands undergo a special "finish" in barrels previously used to produce wine.
the path of Rabbi Akiva to find a dazzling Pardes whose blossoms and
Rabbi Akiva (killed by Romans 135 CE) was a late starter.
It is, in any case, fascinating that however he arrives at it, what Rabbi Akiva produces as an interpretation of the verse is a statement of the "two ways," a homiletical topos that was virtually ubiquitous in second-century Christian writings and seemingly especially in those circles of Jewish-Christians, the "Petrine" Christians, most closely associated with the Rabbis (Robert E.
Rabbi Akiva, the preeminent scholar of the day, strongly endorsed the general and sent his students to join the ill-fated insurgency.
She goes on to detail horrendous examples of human cruelty, such as the live flensing Rabbi Akiva suffered at the hands of the Romans in 135 C.
This is soon followed by the story of Rabbi Akiva who in 135 A.
Like the thicket of texts through which he searched, the book is without index or organization; in another kind of society it would attract the same kind of eidetic-memoried fans as The Lord of the Rings, who could turn straight to the story of Rabbi Akiva and the woodcutter, or the tale that those who drink water on the afternoon of the Sabbath are stealing the water of the dead, or the news that "every kaddish freezes hell for an hour and a half.