Yitzhak Rabin

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Rabin, Yitzhak

(yĭtskhäk` räbēn`), 1922–95, Israeli general and statesman, b. Jerusalem, the first native-born prime minister of Israel (1974–77, 1992–95). His extensive military experience began in 1940 when he joined the Haganah (Jewish militia) and thereafter fought in the British army. He rose in rank from brigade commander in the 1948 Arab-Israeli WarArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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 to chief of staff in 1964 and was credited with Israel's military success in the Six Day War (1967). After serving as envoy to Washington (1968–73), Rabin was elected as a Labor representative to the Knesset (Israeli parliament). In Mar., 1974, he joined Golda MeirMeir, Golda
, 1898–1978, Israeli political leader, b. Kiev, Russia, originally named Golda Mabovitch. Her family emigrated to the United States in 1906, settling in Milwaukee. She became a school teacher and early involved herself in the Zionist labor movement.
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's cabinet as labor minister; after her resignation in May, Rabin succeeded her as prime minister. One of his most formidable challenges was the 1976 Entebbe raid, in which he authorized the operation of Israeli commandos in the rescue of more than 100 Jews held hostage there. Rabin resigned as prime minister in 1977 prior to Labor's loss at the polls. He was succeeded as party leader by Shimon PeresPeres, Shimon
, 1923–2016, Israeli politician, b. Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus) as Shimon Perski. His family immigrated to Palestine in 1934; his grandparents, who remained in Poland, were killed in the Holocaust.
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. As defense minister (1984–90) in the Labor-Likud coalition government, Rabin ordered a harsh crackdown in the West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 in the late 1980s in an effort to end the Arab uprising there (see IntifadaIntifada
[Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec.
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). Rabin ousted Peres as Labor party leader in 1992 and led Labor to victory in the national elections, becoming prime minister and defense minister. Rabin played a key role in peace negotiations between Israel and its Arab neighbors, and in 1993 he endorsed a historic peace agreement with the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (PLO), providing for mutual recognition and a transition to Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Rabin, along with Peres and PLO leader Yasir ArafatArafat
or Arafa
, granite hill, Saudi Arabia, near Mecca. The hill was an ancient pagan sanctuary and is shrouded in many legends. It is a site for prayers during the hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Atop the hill is a minaret, reached by broad stone steps.
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, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994. In 1994, Rabin signed a peace treaty with Jordan, and a 1995 agreement with the PLO expanded Palestinian self-rule. He was assassinated Nov. 4, 1995, by an Israeli law student with links to right-wing extremist groups.

Bibliography

See I. Rabinovich, Waging Peace (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
Delphine Horvilleur et Rachid Benzine, l'une est femme et l'autre est homme, l'une est rabbin et l'autre est islamologue, leur dialogue est la rencontre des alterites et l'echange des differences, et leur texte est un espace d'entre-deux ou les deux penseurs se debattent de l'essentiel ; qu'est-ce qu'etre juif ou musulman ?
The Sacred Hub is an extraordinary collection of essays by author Robert Rabbin. The listening time is just over four hours, but the messages that are shared in that relatively brief time are potentially life-changing.
ANTRA cavities CALCULI kidney stones DUCAT old European coin IMARI Japanese porcelain IOS cries of joy JAKAJ town in Albania (Geonames online database) LASSI cold drink made with yoghurt LENTICEL breathing pore in bark LUR old Scandinavian trumpet MANTRAM mantra PREAMP preamplifier in sound system QOREQ town in Afghanistan (Geonames online database) RABBIN rabbi RICKLE rickety structure UBUNTU humanity and compassion VAZOV Ivan, Bulgarian poet, 1850-1921 (Wikipedia) XEROTIC abnormally dry YARROW strop-scented plant ZMUDZ dialect of Lithuanian (Webster's 2nd edition, 1961) JEFF GRANT
Cette idee traduisait, peut-on penser, l'experience que Durkheim, fils et petit-fils de rabbins, avait eue lui-meme, jeune, du judaisme talmudique, qui faisait une grande place aux rituels et a tout un ensemble de reglementations et a de multiples interdits: obligation pour la femme de vivre isolee chaque mois pendant une periode determinee, defense d'atteler ensemble l'ane et le cheval, interdictions alimentaires (Fournier 2008).
L'initiateur du projet, le rabbin et accompagnateur conjugal Y.
Un rabbin, un imam et un pasteur de Berlin ont une idee inedite : construire un lieu de culte ou les fideles des trois religions puissent se rencontrer.
Signalons qu'on trouve un exemple oU c'est un rabbin qui porte la douillette (30).
The company had been operating for nearly 60 years and the announcement posed risk for its 180 workers in the rabbin plant who will be left jobless by the culmination of 2014.
Dans son allocution a cette occasion, le rabbin David Pinto a reitere le ferme attachement des membres de la communaute juive a leur Mere-patrie, le Maroc, un fort sentiment d'appartenance, a-t-il souligne, qui est inculque aux jeunes generations.
Irwin (1946:4) defines fantasy as the "literature of the impossible"; Rabbin (1976:14) as "the polar opposite of reality".
Le Grand rabbin de France, Gilles Bernheim, au centre d'un scandale apres avoir reconnu des plagiats et l'usurpation d'un titre en philosophie, a annonce hier jeudi sa demission, selon le vice-president du Consistoire de Paris Elie Korchia.
car je suis le rabbin Nathan, l'executeur de la loi!" (11).