Rabghuzi

Rabghuzi

 

(pen name of Nasir al-Din, son of Burhan al-Din). Date of birth and death unknown. Turkic-language writer of Middle Asia of the late 13th and early 14th centuries.

Rabghuzi knew Arabic and Persian well. He was a qadi (religious judge). His chief work, Tales of the Prophets (Qiṣaṣ Rabghuz, 1309–10), is extant only in manuscripts from the 15th and 16th centuries. It consists of 72 tales on themes from the Bible and the Koran, written in prose with verse insertions. The tales are a valuable example of the Khwarazm style of literature. Rabghuzi is also the author of lyric verse.

WORKS

Quisas ul-anbiyā Rabghuzi, 5th ed. Kazan, 1881.
Ozbek ädäbiyati, vol. 1. Tashkent, 1959.

REFERENCE

Mallaev, N. M. Ozbek ädäbiyati tärikhi. Tashkent, 1965.
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The Stories of the Prophets, completed by the judge Rabghuzi in Khwarezm in 1311, is one of a very few extant works in a form of written Turkish was emerging in Western Turkestan during the 13th and 14th centuries that would provide the basis for the further development of Turkish Islamic literature in Central Asia.
Khwarazmian Rabghuzi's Qissa-i Rabghuzi, the first Uzbek prose work, along with the poems and epic tales of Qutb, Sayfi Sarayi, and Dukbek, were great steps forward in Uzbek literature up to Nawaii.
The writers listed above were studied well in the past; in Soviet times too their books were printed in many editions (with the exception of Yassavi, Rabghuzi, and Bakirghani, who were not published in their entirety because they were deemed "harmful" and "religious").