Rabotnik

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rabotnik

 

(subhead Gazeta russkikh rabochikh [Russian Workers’ Newspaper]), a Populist (Narodnik) newspaper with a Bakuninist tendency. It was edited and published from January 1875 through March 1876 in Geneva by N. I. Zhukovskii, Z. K. Ralli, A. L. El’snits, V. A. Gol’dshtein, N. A. Morozov, and N. A. Sablin. A total of 15 issues appeared, 12 in 1875 and three in 1876. The articles were written in language modeled after popular speech. Rabotnik criticized autocracy, capitalists, and landowners. It published materials about the life of workers and discussed the international labor movement from an anarchist point of view.


Rabotnik

 

(The Worker), a nonperiodical collection published between 1896 and 1899 in Geneva on the initiative of V. I. Lenin by the League of Russian Social Democrats Abroad; it was edited by the Liberation of Labor group. The six issues, published in three books, were oriented toward Marxist workers’ circles. Rabotnik also had a supplement, Listok “Rabotnika”, of which ten issues were published. The first two issues of Rabotnik contained Lenin’s article “Friedrich Engels” and his proclamation “To the Working Men and Women of the Thornton Factory.”

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch. 5th ed., vol. 2, p. 568.
Bol’shevistskaia pechat’: Sb. materialov, fasc. 1. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coy quoted from writings of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, published in 1896 in the miscellany Rabotnik:
Self-abnegation in forms of address, the perennial question of what it meant to call oneself a "slave" or "servant" (rab, kholop, rabotnik, sluga), the introduction of European titles and forms of address by Peter I, and eventually Catherine II's insistence on the use of "loyal subject"--these developments in social vocabulary are said to express an appreciation for the value of the individual (dostoinstvo lichnosti) and a sense of belonging to "a single cultured society" (kul 'turnoe obshchestvo, 254).
These include Khozyain i rabotnik ( Master and Man, 1895) and the short novel Hadzhi Murad.
Aksel'rod, "Po povodu novogo narodnogo bedstviia," Rabotnik, no.