The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(The Woman Worker), a monthly sociopolitical, literary, and artistic magazine for women, published by the Pravda publishing house in Moscow; it was founded on the initiative of V. I. Lenin. The first issue appeared on Feb. 23 (Mar. 8), 1914, in St. Petersburg; its circulation was 12,000.

Rabotnitsa was the first Bolshevik mass legal magazine to defend the interests of the women’s labor movement. Founders of the magazine and members of its editorial staff included A. I. Ul’ianova-Elizarova, N. K. Krupskaia, I. F. Armand, A. V. Ar-tiukhina, V. M. Velichkina, F. I. Drabkina, A. M. Kollontai, P. F. Kudelli, Z. I. Lilina, L. R. Menzhinskaia, K. I. Nikolaeva, E. F. Rozmirovich, K. N. Samoilova, and L. N. Stal’. Seven issues were published in 1914, of which three were confiscated by the police. On June 26 (July 9) publication ceased because of police persecution.

Rabotnitsa resumed publication on May 10 (23), 1917, as a weekly magazine of the Central Committee of the RSDLP(B). From this date to Jan. 26 (Feb. 8), 1918, 13 issues were published, with a circulation ranging from 30,000 to 43,000 copies. The fifth issue contained Lenin’s article “Is There a Way to a Just Peace?” and the seventh issue contained his “Three Crises.” The magazine helped enlighten women workers politically and unite them under the party’s banner; it also propagandized Leninist ideas on socialist revolution. After the October 1917 Revolution, Rabotnitsa helped convoke a citywide Petrograd conference and helped prepare for the First All-Russian Congress of Women Workers (1918). The difficulties of the Civil War of 1918–20 caused publication to become temporarily suspended; the magazine resumed publication in Moscow in January 1923.

Rabotnitsa aids in the ideological and political education of Soviet women, encouraging them to take part in state and public life and in the building of communism. The magazine advocates proletarian internationalism and international labor solidarity as aids in overcoming imperialism and propagandizes social justice, the emancipation of women, and worldwide peace. Rabotnitsa has been awarded the Order of Lenin (1964) and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1933). Circulation, 12.6 million (1974).


Bol’shevistskaia pechat’: Sb. materialov, fascs. 3–4. Moscow, 1960–61.
Vsegda s Vami; K 50-letiiu zhurnala “Rabotnitsa.” Moscow, 1964.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(4) Hoffmann, for instance, in his chapter "Stalinist Family Values," cites a half dozen issues of Rabotnitsa i krest'ianka, a women's magazine from the Leningrad region, and one article in the national organ for women, Rabotnitsa, from 1936 as the basis of his analysis.
(5) For instance, Lynne Attwood's Creating the New Soviet Woman (New York, 1999) discusses depictions of motherhood in Rabotnitsa and Krest'ianka, the two national periodicals for Soviet women; and Alison Rowley, "Such Women Could Not Have Existed Before: Visual Propaganda and Soviet Women in the 1930s," (PhD diss.
The fiction explored here is gleaned from the national publications Rabotnitsa ("Woman Worker"; a women's magazine) and Krokodil ("Crocodile"; a satirical magazine), as well as novels and plays of the Khrushchev era ranging from the overtly pedantic to ones originally published in the maverick Novyi Mir ("New World"), the journal that first published the novella The Thaw.
Lazareva, "Veshchi rasskazyvaiut," Rabotnitsa, April 1964, 27 and I.
The preservation of such established values notwithstanding, prominent Bolshevichki founded magazines like Rabotnitsa (Female Worker), and some--Kollontai comes to mind--successfully advocated the observance of an International Women's Day to raise the female consciousness.
The dilemma for the Communists was that their revolution was to be class-based, and "any special efforts on behalf of women threatened [the revolution's] class nature." Nadezhda Krupskaia, partner and wife of Bolshevik leader Lenin and usually a stalwart defender of women's interests, illustrated this reluctance (and some typical Communist condescension) in a draft editorial for the party paper Rabotnitsa ("Woman Worker") in 1913:
Yet alongside this prominent emphasis on efficiency and rationality, the pages of Obshchestvennoe pitanie (as well as women's magazines like Rabotnitsa) also offered ample evidence that meals and food were meant to be savored, that the Soviet consumer valued flavor and variety, an appreciation for the cultural meanings of dining in and dining out, and pleas for young people to consider making the culinary profession their career.
Announcements appeared in places as far away as Kazan', Rostov-on-Don, Chernigov, and Riazan', and in newspapers that aimed at a broad readership, among them The Peasant's Newspaper (Krest'ianskaia gazeta), and the party's journal for working women, Rabotnitsa.
99-100; Benedikt Mart, "Zhenskii magazin--luchshii v Kieve," Rabotnitsa 43 (1931): 9; Brigada "SKT"--Bazanov, Matanov, Poliakova, "Zhenskomu magazinu No.
As for women's magazines like Rabotnitsa (Working Woman), Krest'ianka (Peasant Woman) and Sovietskaia Zhenshchina (Soviet Woman, a propaganda magazine exported to foreign countries), they were seen as second-rate.