Seven different Christian denominations (Baptist, Congregationalist,3 Dutch Reformed, Episcopal, Presbyterian, Society of Friends [Quaker], and United Methodist) moved to found all but one of the GLCA colleges.4 One central task confronted these thirteen colleges during the period between 1945 and 1965 related to racial desegregation
: Enacting the Christian values of brotherhood and love that informed their missions and visions.
This redistricting resulted from the 2001 dismissal of court-ordered busing for racial desegregation
Even conservative opponents of busing for racial desegregation
concede that white scores did not decline as schools integrated.
bypass court-ordered racial desegregation
in the 1950s and 1960s
Although African American and Hispanic children are more likely than whites to be eligible for a subsidized lunch in most communities, poverty crosses racial and ethnic lines, and desegregation by income produces a very different result than would a policy of racial desegregation
(1) Waldo Martin, Vicki Ruiz, Susan Salvatore, Harvard Sitkoff, and Patricia Sullivan, Racial Desegregation
in Public Education in the United States Theme Study (Washington, DC: National Park Service, 2000).
In reporting on "The Last Unlikely Hero" (March 2006) among Southern judges who moved with all deliberate speed to bring order to racial desegregation
in the schools after Brown v.
Sex discrimination and racial desegregation
suits were made possible by Brennan's vision of the Constitution.
Bradley ..., the Supreme Court overruled this court and the fully documented finding of fact that racial desegregation
in the schools of Detroit could not be accomplished within the boundaries of the Detroit school district....
It was also a bold statement about the separation of powers at the federal level, particularly given that between 1875 and 1954 Congress had resisted the passage of civil rights legislation and refused to address school segregation, while the Executive Branch could approach racial desegregation
policy only through the use of Executive Orders.
The filmmakers wanted to measure the effect racial desegregation
laws had on students' academic achievement.
Mark Newman's book on the struggles among Southern Baptists over the civil rights movement and racial desegregation
in the latter half of the twentieth century is a valuable scholarly account.