Racist-Anthropological School of Sociology

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Racist-Anthropological School of Sociology

 

a trend in bourgeois sociology in the second half of the 19th century and the early 20th century. Among the representatives of the racist-anthropological school were J. A. Gobineau and G. de Lapouge (France), H. Chamberlain (Great Britain), and O. Ammon (Germany), as well as F. Galton and K. Pearson (Great Britain).

The members of the racist-anthropological school mistakenly applied to human society the biological laws of the struggle for existence (survival) and natural selection. They explained social development in terms of the concepts of heredity and the struggle of the “higher” and “lower” races and classes. The concepts proposed by the racist-anthropological school were essentially an apology for capitalist society and were closely associated with the ideology of racism.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.