Raden Adjeng Kartini

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kartini, Raden Adjeng


Born Apr. 21, 1879, in the village of Mayong, Central Java; died Sept. 17, 1904, in the city of Rembang. Indonesian reformer.

Kartini was the daughter of the regent of Japara in Java. Fluent in Dutch, she studied the literature of this language, including several works by Dutch socialists. She spoke out against old feudal customs and strove for the emancipation of women. Kartini considered education to be the primary means by which women could be emancipated and the Indonesian people could progress. She protested the oppression of the Indonesians by the Dutch colonizers. Although she promoted the adoption of the progressive European culture, she also stressed the need for Indonesians to value their own cultural heritage. Kartini was a forerunner of the organized national liberation movement, whose membership was greatly influenced by her ideas.


Belen’kii, A. B. Kartini—doch” Indonezii. Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
If we consider people like Raden Adjeng Kartini or the Boedi Oetomo students as the first nationalist icons to appear on the colonial landscape, it is striking that both aimed at the cultural rejuvenation of the Javanese nation through European modernity.
1912 De gedachten van Raden Adjeng Kartini als richtsnoer voor de Indische Vereeniging: Rede voor de Indische Vereeniging op de vergadering van 24 December 1911 te 's-Gravenhage gehouden.