Radio Free Europe


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See also: Radio Frequencies (table)Radio Frequencies
Frequency
(kHz)
Name Abbr.
10–30 Very low VLF
30–300 Low LF
300–3,000 Medium MF
3,000–30,000 High HF
30,000–300,000 Very high VHF
300,000–3,000,000 Ultra high UHF
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Radio Free Europe

(RFE), broadcasting organization established in 1950 with the stated mission of promoting democratic values and institutions. Its original purpose was to broadcast news to countries behind the "Iron Curtain" during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. In 1975, it was merged with Radio Liberty (RL), a similar enterprise that broadcast to the peoples inside the Soviet Union. RFE receives most of its funding from the U.S. Congress. Until 1971, the funds were channeled through the Central Intelligence Agency; since that time the funds have been received in the form of grants through the Broadcasting Board of Governors of the U.S. Information Agency. The collapse of the USSR brought about changes including budget cuts and the relocation of headquarters from Munich, Germany, to Prague, the Czech Republic, in 1995. Since then broadcasts have been ended in some areas but added in others. They are now sent primarily to parts of E Europe and the Balkans, Russia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Afganistan, and Iran. They continue to include news, political commentaries, sports, and music, and to be written, produced, and broadcast by nationals from the audience countries. RFE/RL now broadcasts over shortwave, AM/FM, and television channels, and the Internet.

Bibliography

See R. Holt, Radio Free Europe (1958); A. A. Michie, Voices through the Iron Curtain (1963); D. Shanor, The New Voice of Radio Free Europe (1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
"If the change to the Constitution is refuted now--and if it is not the citizens should know that there would be no turning back--if this agreement isn't accepted by the citizens and the Parliament, we are ready to negotiate with this or some other Greek government and I am convinced we are going to reach a better agreement," Nikoloski told Radio Free Europe.
Ebadullah Hananzai, 26, Radio Free Europe journalist
The Czech-based Radio Free Europe first began its services in FATA in 2010 with the name of Radio Mashaal with an aim of providing an alternative to the growing number of extremist radio stations in the region".
The list also includes the Kavkaz.Realii, Krym Realii and Sibir Realii websites, the Current Time TV channel - a joint project of Voice of America and Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty - the Radio Liberty-owned factograph.info website and IdelRealii project.
An autopsy revealed that Teshaboev was severely beaten before his throat was slashed, Radio Free Europe reported.
According to the Nation, the 10 million dollars taken from the annual 1.5 billion dollars to Pakistan would be used to carry out programming in the Ukrainian, Balkan, Russian, and Tatar language services of radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty and Voice of America, the house bill said.
Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty are both funded by the U.S.
Turkey and Turkmenistan have signed an agreement on cooperation for the supply of Turkmen natural gas, Radio Free Europe reports.The accord was signed by officials from both governments in Ashgabat on May 30 during a visit by Turkish President Abdullah Gul, who was meeting with Turkmenistan's President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov.Both leaders also were expected to sign other bilateral accords during Gul's three-day visit, which began a day earlier.Gul, who was welcomed to Turkmenistan with a military parade, has been awarded the country's highest state medal.On May 31, Gul was expected to visit the Akhal-Teke horse farm on the southeastern edge of Ashgabat and to meet with Turkish entrepreneurs working in Turkmenistan.bne
Interior Minister Gordana Jankuloska in Sunday's interview with Radio Free Europe said that there is nothing contestable in regards to the right of citizens from the Diaspora to take part in the elections in the Republic of Macedonia.
Erol Rizaov comments for Utrinski Vesnik that Ljupco Georgievski with only two sentences from the interview with Radio Free Europe caused a true avalanche in the classic media and social networks.
Opinion polls show the two parties that have ruled the country for nearly the last four decades -- the socialist PASOK party and conservative New Democracy -- will not get enough votes to form a government, Radio Free Europe reported.
The big radio hits from Michael Stipe, Peter Buck, Mike Mills and Bill Berry such as Losing My Religion, Man On The Moon, Stand and The One I Love are all there, as are older classics such as Fall On Me, Driver 8 and Radio Free Europe.