Rafael Alberti

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Rafael Alberti
BirthplaceEl Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, Spain

Alberti, Rafael


Born Dec. 16, 1902, in the village Puerto de Santa Maria, Cädiz province. Spanish poet; communist.

Alberti’s first poems, dating from the 1920’s, are close to the traditions of folk poetry. The growing revolutionary struggle in Spain and the fall of Primo de Rivera’s dictatorship in 1930 introduced new content into Alberti’s work. He dedicated his play Fermín Galan (1931) to the life and heroic death of that revolutionary; the cycle of poems, Spanish Peasants, which was included in the collection entitled Slogans (1933; Russ. trans., 1934), was devoted to the daily life and struggle of Spanish laborers. During the Spanish Civil War (1936–39), Alberti played an active role in the Union of Anti-Fascist Spanish Intellectuals. His poetry from those years was published in the books Poet on the Street (1936) and In Crisis (1937).

After the defeat of the Spanish Republic, Alberti emigrated to Argentina and published the following collections: Between the Carnation and the Sword (1941), Surf (1944), Stanzas of Juan Panadero (1949; Russ. trans., 1956), and Ballads and Songs of the Paraná River (1954). They all were dedicated to the people’s struggle for peace and freedom. Alberti also wrote plays, including A Night of War in the Prado Museum (1956; Russ. trans., 1960). In 1959, Alberti published two volumes of memoirs entitled The Lost Grove (Russ. trans., 1968). In 1964 he was awarded the International Lenin Prize For Strengthening Peace Between Nations. Alberti now lives in Rome.


Poesía (1924–1944). Buenos Aires, [1946].
La arboleda perdida. Libros I y II de Memorias. Buenos Aires, 1959.
In Russian translation:
Ispanskie krestiane (Estramadura). Stikhotvoreniia. Moscow, 1934.
Stikhi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1963.
Stsenicheskie stikhi. Moscow, 1966.
[Poems] in Zvezdnoe nebo. Stikhi zarubezhnykh poetov. Translated by B. Pasternak. Moscow, 1966.


Kel’in, F. V. “Rafael’ Al’berti i Maria-Teresa Leon.” Internatsional’naia literatura, 1934, no. 3–4.
Plavskin, Z. I. “Strofy Khuana Panadero Rafaelia Al’berti.” Uchenye zapiski LGU. Seriiafilologicheskikh nauk, 1955, no. 184, issue 22.
Marrast, R. “Essai de bibliographic de Rafael Alberti,” Bulletin Hispanique, 1955, vol. 57, no. 1–2.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the subsequent chapter on the immediate post-Franco period ("la recuperacion de la democracia"), Neira proffers an extensive look at a few key poets who have foregrounded New York in their work in a more sustained manner than most: namely, Dionisio Canas, Rafael Alberti, Luis Garcia Montero, and Jose Hierro (the latter poet's influential Cuaderno de Nueva York, a collection from 1998, is here submitted as a "digno continuador" [220] of the New York tradition initiated by Dario).
Aitana Alberti, poet and President of Cathedra Rafael Alberti, University of Havana.
Rarely is a player immortalized in words such as those poet Rafael Alberti chooses, in "Platko," to honor a little-known Hungarian goalkeeper following the 1928 King's Cup final in Spain.
Un gran escandalo provoco sin duda la celebre conferencia que Rafael Alberti pronuncio en el Lyceum en noviembre de 1929 con el titulo "Palomita y galapago: No mas artriticos".
The same issue included some poems by Rafael Alberti dedicated to Neruda's enemy Bergamin.
close friendships with Federico Garcia Lorca, Rafael Alberti, Pablo
The "Introduction" ("Opening Remarks") lays the foundation, scientifically and aesthetically, for later chapters, which focus on Pedro Salinas, Jorge Guillen, Juan Larrea, Gerardo Diego, Rafael Alberti, Concha Mendez, and Federico Garcia Lorca.
In 1953--after publishing some poems, the first in the journal La Razon at the hands of Alberto Zalamea, and others in the Sunday supplement to El Espectador, thanks to Eduardo Zalamea Borda--my verse collection Los elementos del desastre (The elements of the disaster) appeared in the collection "Poets of Spain and America" published by Losada, directed by Rafael Alberti and Guillermo de la Torre in Buenos Aires.
THROUGH THE YEARS, Rafael Alberti never failed to write poetry of protest against political and social injustice; what he used to call "civic poetry.
poetas, que ganaron el Premio Centenario de Rafael Alberti porque los
And today when I look for anxiety in the book I find a page where Rafael Alberti is expecting
In July 1936 the poet Rafael Alberti and his companion, Maria Teresa Leon, were spending their vacation on the Balearic island of Ibiza.