Raikes, Robert

Raikes, Robert

(rāks), 1735–1811, English philanthropist. In 1780 he organized a Sunday schoolSunday school,
institution for instruction in religion and morals, usually conducted in churches as part of the church organization but sometimes maintained by other religious or philanthropic bodies.

In England during the 18th cent.
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, primarily for poor children, who were taught to read and to spell to enable them to read the Bible. The Raikes system spread rapidly through England and he became known as the founder of Sunday schools, although others had been concerned with similar undertakings. Raikes gave his project publicity in the Gloucester Journal, which he had inherited from his father.


See biography by J. H. Harris (1899).

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Back row (left to right): Mr Raikes, Robert Manning, John Smith, Maurice Salter, John Tolly, Anthony Phillips, Ken Hughes, Mr Brown, Mr Palmer.