Railroad Transport, Institutes of

Railroad Transport, Institutes of


institutes training engineers and scientific personnel for all branches of railroad transport as well as for certain construction specialties, including industrial and civil engineering, water supply and sewer systems, and construction and road machinery and equipment.

There were 12 railroad transport institutes in the USSR in 1970: the Byelorussian Institute of Railroad Transport (Gomel’, founded in 1953), the All-Union Correspondence Institute of Railroad Transport (Moscow, 1951), the Academician V. N. Obraztsov Leningrad Institute of Railroad Transport (awarded the Order of Lenin; founded in 1809), the Electrical Motor Engineering Institute of Railroad Transport (1956), the S. M. Kirov Kharkov Institute of Railroad Transport (1930), and institutes in Moscow (awarded the Orders of Lenin and the Red Banner of Labor; founded in 1896), Novosibirsk (1932), Rostov (1929), Tashkent (1931), Dnepropetrovsk (1930), Khabarovsk (1939), and Omsk (founded in 1930 in Tomsk as an electrical motor engineering institute of railroad transport and transferred to Omsk in 1961). All institutes of railroad transport except the All-Union Correspondence Institute have day and evening departments and all except the Moscow Institute have correspondence departments. The All-Union Correspondence Institute and the Dnepropetrovsk Institute have general engineering departments. Some institutes have branches in other cities: the All-Union Correspondence Institute has branches in Gorky and Kuibyshev, the Leningrad Institute has branches in Velikie Luki and Riga, the Novosibirsk in Irkutsk, the Omsk in Tselinograd, the Rostov in Baku, the Tashkent in Alma-Ata and Ashkhabad, the Urals in Cheliabinsk, the Khabarovsk in Chita, and the Kharkov in Kiev and Donetsk.

All institutes of railroad transport offer graduate programs. The right to admit doctoral and candidate dissertations for defense has been granted to the Dnepropetrovsk, Leningrad, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Omsk and Kharkov institutes of railroad transport, and the right to admit candidate dissertations for defense has been granted to the Byelorus-sian and Rostov institutes.

The course of instruction is five to six years. Depending on the specialty completed, persons who have defended diploma projects are awarded the certificate of railroad engineering in engineering, railroad operations, or electrical motor engineering.