Rainbow Division

Rainbow Division,

nickname of the 42d Division of the U.S. army. The first U.S. combat division to arrive in France in World War I, it participated in the second battle of the Marne, fought in the counteroffensive at Château-Thierry, and spearheaded attacks at Saint-Mihiel and in the Meuse-Argonne sector. Throughout the war the division suffered heavy losses. It later became a part of the National Guard.


See H. J. Reilly, Americans All—The Rainbow at War (1936).

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MacArthur was assigned to the Rainbow Division, so called because it drew its members from all parts of the United States, rather than from one state or territory, which was an innovation at the time.
A Rainbow Division Lieutenant in France: The World War I Diary of John H.
After the US entry in World War I, he helped to organize the 42nd Rainbow Division and led the unit as its chief of staff when it was sent to France in October, 1917.
Two years later, MacArthur was commanding the Rainbow Division in France where he earned seven Silver Stars for courage and bravery in leading his troops in battle against the Germans, while Roosevelt was serving as President Wilson's assistant Secretary of the Navy.
Popularly referred to as the 'Rainbow Division' by its men, the 42nd Infantry Division of the United States Army National Guard has served in World War I, World War II and the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT).
First to go home had been the doughboys of Douglas MacArthur's 42nd Division, usually referred to as the Rainbow Division. In short succession, they were followed by another National Guard unit, the 32nd Division and then by two National Army divisions; the 89th and the 90th.
On the western front with the Rainbow Division; a World War I diary.
His distinguished fifty-year military career included deputy command and command of the "Rainbow Division" in France during the First World War, where he was repeatedly decorated for heroism and bravery; superintendent of the U.S.
I'm told that the Task Force Liberty includes the Rainbow Division that broke [Cheers] I was told right.
Making history is part of the 42nd Infantry Rainbow Division's legacy.
Their most famous division, the 42nd "Rainbow Division", laughed at by the British and Canadians as having come after the storm was over, only went into battle in mid-July, having less than four months in action.

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