Rainbow Division

Rainbow Division,

nickname of the 42d Division of the U.S. army. The first U.S. combat division to arrive in France in World War I, it participated in the second battle of the Marne, fought in the counteroffensive at Château-Thierry, and spearheaded attacks at Saint-Mihiel and in the Meuse-Argonne sector. Throughout the war the division suffered heavy losses. It later became a part of the National Guard.

Bibliography

See H. J. Reilly, Americans All—The Rainbow at War (1936).

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MacArthur was assigned to the Rainbow Division, so called because it drew its members from all parts of the United States, rather than from one state or territory, which was an innovation at the time.
A Rainbow Division Lieutenant in France: The World War I Diary of John H.
After the US entry in World War I, he helped to organize the 42nd Rainbow Division and led the unit as its chief of staff when it was sent to France in October, 1917.
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On the western front with the Rainbow Division; a World War I diary.
His distinguished fifty-year military career included deputy command and command of the "Rainbow Division" in France during the First World War, where he was repeatedly decorated for heroism and bravery; superintendent of the U.S.
I'm told that the Task Force Liberty includes the Rainbow Division that broke [Cheers] I was told right.
Making history is part of the 42nd Infantry Rainbow Division's legacy.
Their most famous division, the 42nd "Rainbow Division", laughed at by the British and Canadians as having come after the storm was over, only went into battle in mid-July, having less than four months in action.

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