Raion


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Raion

 

In the USSR: (1) A basic administrative and territorial division in rural areas that is part of a Union republic, autonomous republic, krai, oblast, autonomous oblast, or autonomous okrug. The establishment of a raion is within the jurisdiction of the highest governmental bodies of the Union republics. The raions of most Union republics and all autonomous republics are listed in their constitutions. A rural raion includes worker, health-resort, and dacha settlements, rural Soviets, and cities under the jurisdiction of raions.

(2) An administrative and territorial unit in cities with populations of more than 100,000. The representative body of state authority in the raion is the raion soviet of people’s deputies.

References in periodicals archive ?
adopting policies to encourage foreign farmers with access to capital to lease unused, nonprivatized land from the raion land funds.
Each recipient of a land share was entitled to receive a land share up to the `raion norm' for free distribution of land established by the raion administration.
After long discussions lasting five to seven years and yielding few results, we are now finally seeing actions designed to integrate Khasanskii Raion into international transportation routes.
In Khasanskii Raion the largest-scale economic project and backbone enterprise was Slavyanskii Shipyard, which employed about 3,500 individuals at its peak (compared to 600 employees at present, including contractors from other regions).
Despite this, Russian Railways has shown no interest in developing this territory, as evidenced by the everyday reality that villages around Khasanskii Raion appear to lag behind the Chinese border area when it comes to conditions at border crossings and living conditions in general.
Construction by Gazprom OJSC of a liquefied natural gas production facility (Vladivostok-LNG) at Lomonosov Cape with a capacity of 15 million tons a year is viewed as a driving economic force for Khasanskii Raion and Primorskii Krai.
The history of construction of a transshipment complex on the territory of Slavianskii Shipyard reflects the many antagonisms between a local community's notions of the common good and those of businesses and the authorities at krai (frontier territory), raion, and local (village) levels.
Develop a special regime for the management of natural resources in Primorskii Krai's Khasanskii Raion, and before state or commercial projects are launched in the region conduct strategic ecological assessments followed by public discussion;
The events of 2013 led to a decline in the reputation of the raion authorities in the eyes of the community, and the conflicts of interest between the raion administration and that of the settlement (Slavianka) continued into 2014.
Such projects have involved the placement in Khasanskii Raion of hazardous industries, including coal transshipment.
However, use of the ITC, which runs through Khasanskii Raion, has demonstrated that there are problems with the compatibility of technological systems, the efficiency of various types of shipping (domestic, export, and import), and Russia's transportation system in general, which is particularly important given the competitiveness of the logistics market on general routes.