Raion


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Raion

 

In the USSR: (1) A basic administrative and territorial division in rural areas that is part of a Union republic, autonomous republic, krai, oblast, autonomous oblast, or autonomous okrug. The establishment of a raion is within the jurisdiction of the highest governmental bodies of the Union republics. The raions of most Union republics and all autonomous republics are listed in their constitutions. A rural raion includes worker, health-resort, and dacha settlements, rural Soviets, and cities under the jurisdiction of raions.

(2) An administrative and territorial unit in cities with populations of more than 100,000. The representative body of state authority in the raion is the raion soviet of people’s deputies.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Develop a special regime for the management of natural resources in Primorskii Krai's Khasanskii Raion, and before state or commercial projects are launched in the region conduct strategic ecological assessments followed by public discussion;
The events of 2013 led to a decline in the reputation of the raion authorities in the eyes of the community, and the conflicts of interest between the raion administration and that of the settlement (Slavianka) continued into 2014.
Such projects have involved the placement in Khasanskii Raion of hazardous industries, including coal transshipment.
The question of Khasanskii Raion's modernization is not only an interregional one but also an international issue.
However, use of the ITC, which runs through Khasanskii Raion, has demonstrated that there are problems with the compatibility of technological systems, the efficiency of various types of shipping (domestic, export, and import), and Russia's transportation system in general, which is particularly important given the competitiveness of the logistics market on general routes.
Between 2010 and 2014 the project did not, however, represent any sort of breakthrough or turning point in the eyes of the majority of Khasanskii Raion's population.
(1.) Interview with employees of the municipal administrative body of Khasanskii Raion in Slavianka settlement, July 14, 2014.
(3.) Among the shareholders of the open joint-stock company were the Estate Fund of Primorskii territory, Far Eastern Railways, the administration of Khasanskii Raion, and Transsviazstroi OJSC.
(7.) An employee of Khasanskii Raion administration, Slavianka, Primorskii Krai, interviewed in July 2014.