The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(reis-ul kuttab), an official who held a post equivalent to that of minister of foreign affairs or secretary of state in the Ottoman Empire until the creation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1836).
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.